Describe a few of the key activities of the Wal Mart Corp

Read the article and view the video about the activities of Wal-Mart during Hurricane Katrina. Describe a few of the key activities of the WalMart Corp. in response the difficulties encountered by in interfacing with government agencies.  In your opinion and based on this one case study, do large private corporations have advantages over governments in the response to crisis emergencies?


Organizations in Critical Incidents (Flexibility, Emergence, Creativity and Improvisation

Read or Review

Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research the global/international issue or challenges

In this assignment, you will create a practical and professional document that will represent the level of work that is expected from modern professional policy analysts. Use the information from the worksheet you completed for Assignment 4 to build on for this assignment.

Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research the global/international issue or challenge selected in Assignment 4 and locate professional viewpoints on the topic.

There should be six main sections to the Policy Analysis Paper:

1. Problem Definition 2. Issue Analysis 3. Proposed Solutions 4. Strategic Recommendations 5. Weaknesses and Limitations 6. Cost–Benefit Analysis

Note: You may add sections or subsections to your Policy Analysis Paper. You may include tables and charts in the page length.

Write a 5–8-page paper in which you do the following:

7. Select one real-world policy issue and provide a description of the issue. 8. Analyze the major costs and major benefits of the issue. 9. Recommend three courses of action. 10. Provide at least three to five reliable, relevant, peer-reviewed references that support the paper’s claims. 11. Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements: a. Typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with 1-inch margins on all sides. b. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length. c. Include a reference page. Citations and references must follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.

discuss two different ways of viewing the Constitution–the “original meaning” of the document and the “living Constitution.

The Constitution speaks in a very clear voice on some matters. For example, it says that the United States House of Representatives shall be apportioned according to the population in the states, or that the Senate shall be composed of two senators per state. But other clauses are not so clear. For example, what is meant by the 8th Amendment’s prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment, the 2nd Amendment’s reference to the right to bear arms, or the 4th Amendment that deals with unreasonable searches and seizures? Does the 8th Amendment, for example, allow the government to execute people for certain crimes? Does the 2nd Amendment allow people to own guns? Does the 4th Amendment allow the state to search your home without a warrant? These and many other issues are open to interpretation due to the words in the Constitution.

Two Supreme Court justices, Scalia and Breyer,  discussed two different ways of viewing the Constitution–the “original meaning” of the document and the “living Constitution.” For example, the “originalists” (Scalia) argue that the 8th Amendment’s prohibition against cruel and unusual does not prohibit the death penalty.  Those who support the “living Constitution” argument (Breyer) say that the Constitution should reflect new circumstances and “evolving standards of decency.”

Please view the videos on the Constitution. Focus on the different ways that Justices Breyer and Scalia interpret the Constitution.

1. Original Intent and the Living Constitution  start 12 minutes into the video

2. The Constitutional Role of Judges  from 1:09 into video to 1:15. Then 2:04 to 2:10.

We will focus on the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution for our discussion this week

The Eighth  Amendment to the Constitution says the following:

“Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”

Your question for the week: Does the United States Constitution prohibit or allow the use of the death penalty in the United States? 

You must make your argument from the “originalist” or “living Constitution” perspective.  Do not just state your personal opinion. Use arguments from Scalia (originalist) or Breyer (living Constitution) to support your argument.

Briefly summarize the criticisms leveled against empirical research by those within the non-empirical research paradigms (Interpretation, Social Construction, and Critical Theory).

Briefly summarize the criticisms leveled against empirical research by  those within the non-empirical research paradigms (Interpretation,  Social Construction, and Critical Theory).

Address the following questions in your workbook – Mycoff (2016) Working with Political Science Research Methods: Problems and Exercises. Type  your answers in a word document and submit the file through the link  provided above. You do not have to retype the questions in your  responses. However, make sure to clearly indicate the corresponding  exercise numbers for easy identification. 

Chapter 2

Exercise 2:1

Exercise 2:2

Exercise 2:6

Additional question:   Briefly summarize the criticisms leveled against empirical research by  those within the non-empirical research paradigms (Interpretation,  Social Construction, and Critical Theory).

Chapter 3

Exercise  3:1 (for MPA and non-MA students, expand your sources to websites that  allow you to develop questions related to public administration issues,  public policy, nonprofits, etc.)

Exercise 3:3

Exercise 3:4

Exercise 3:8

Chapter 4

Exercise 4:1

Exercise 4:2

Exercise 4:3

Exercise 4:4

Exercise 4:5

Discuss Free Speech and Social Networking

Discussion Guidelines



•  You should participate in ONE discussion topic per unit.  Each unit will have 2 topics associated with it. •  You should select ONLY one to participate in. If you choose this topics ALL of your posts should be posted in the Unit 2 – Topic 1 Discussion Forum. To access the discussion form – click on Discussions from the left hand menu •  You should have a MINNIMUM of three posts •  The initial post should be about a 1 page in length, and respond to the topic starter (this will be worth to up 20 points) •  You should then post at least two posts responding to other student posts. The response posts should be about 1/2 page in length (response posts will be awarded up to a max of 10 points).




Discussion Topic: Free Speech and Social Networking



Recently a number of cases have considered the extent to which free speech rights extend to social networking sites such as Facebook.  Consider the following articles:


Facebook gripes protected by free speech, ruling says February 16, 2010|By Rich Phillips, CNN Senior Producer



A former Florida high school student who was suspended by her principal after she set up a Facebook page to criticize her teacher is protected constitutionally under the First Amendment, a federal magistrate ruled.


U.S. Magistrate Barry Garber’s ruling, in a case viewed as important by Internet watchers, denied the principal’s motion to dismiss the case and allows a lawsuit by the student to move forward.


“We have constitutional values that will always need to be redefined due to changes in technology and society,” said Ryan Calo, an attorney with Stanford Law School’s Center for Internet and Society.


“The fact that students communicate on a semi-public platform creates new constitutional issues and the courts are sorting them out,” Calo said.


Katherine Evans, now 19 and attending college, was suspended in 2007 from Pembroke Pines Charter High School after she used her home computer to create a Facebook page titled, “Ms. Sarah Phelps is the worst teacher I’ve ever met.”


In his order, Garber found that the student had a constitutional right to express her views on the social networking site.


“Evans’ speech falls under the wide umbrella of protected speech,” he wrote. “It was an opinion of a student about a teacher, that was published off-campus … was not lewd, vulgar, threatening, or advocating illegal or dangerous behavior.”


Matthew Bavaro, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union who is representing Evans, was pleased with the ruling.


“The First Amendment provides protection for free speech regardless of the forum, being the Internet, the living room or a restaurant,” he told CNN.


On the Facebook page created by Evans, which included a picture of her teacher, Evans wrote: “To those select students who have had the displeasure of having Ms. Sarah Phelps, or simply knowing her and her insane antics: Here is the place to express your feelings of hatred.”


According to court documents, Phelps never saw the posting, which was made from a home computer after school hours.


After receiving three comments from people who criticized her and supported the teacher, Evans removed the page from Facebook.


School principal Peter Bayer suspended Evans, an honor student, for three days for disruptive behavior and cyberbullying of a staff member. Bayer also removed her from Advanced Placement classes and assigned her to regular classes.


Bavaro, Evans’ attorney, is seeking to have the court find the school’s suspension invalid and to have documents related to the suspension removed from her school file.


“It will eliminate any official public record and validate her rights, since her First Amendment rights were violated,” he said.


Internet experts say the court got it right, and that the ruling shows the law evolving with society.



“It reassures Internet users and students that they can still speak their mind,” Calo said. “Its not a security issue. Its personal opinion and gossip.”

Related Stories

The First Amendment Center has several good articles on free speech and social networking.  These can be found at:

Discussion Starter

To what extent do you believe that comments posted on social networking sites should be protected?  Under what circumstances should these rights be limited?  Consider several of the scenarios above (community colleges limiting a student’s right to “complain” about instructors; the nursing student’s dismissal, the firefighter’s dismissal etc…)

Using the CRS report by Lindsay (2011), describe how social media could have been used had it been available when the attacks happened.

Using the CRS report  by Lindsay (2011), describe how social media could have been used had it been available when the attacks happened.

Using the Anthrax Crisis (Clarke Article) as described by as a backdrop….chose one option to address

1.  Using the CRS report  by Lindsay (2011), describe how social media could have been used had it been available when the attacks happened.


Read or Review

analyze of a critical incident response issue(s) in the context of historical event or events


Response Case Study Paper #2: Examine a Critical Incident Response Issue in the Context of a Historical Event or Events (20%)

The student will prepare a four to six page analyses of a critical incident response issue(s) in the context of historical event or events. The event must be approved prior to writing the paper. The paper will be prepared in accordance with APA (6th) format.

The paper must reference a minimum of three scholarly articles.  (For a definition and instructions on locating scholarly articles, see the UMUC library website  Three is a minimum; therefore, three is minimally meeting the standard (C – grade).  More than three is required for maximum credit in the resources category of the grading rubric.   Other sources should be evaluated for their credibility (just because it is on the web does not mean it is an accurate trusted source). I have given you a start with at least one scholarly article listed for each topic.

The issue must also be linked to experience in at least one critical incident as part of the discussion.  Previous incidents will be discussed in the scholarly articles; more information can be developed directly from AAR reports.  See the list of AARs that I have developed and please let me know of any others that can be added to the list.

The paper should also reference any relevant government policy.

For each topic I have given you a start with links to scholarly articles and one or more other important resources.  This is a start, if you write the paper from just the sources I provide it will be severely lacking.  Not all resources are directly available from the link.  You may have to look it up in the UMUC library to access the article.  I have not formatted these as APA resources; they are simply titles and links.  I am giving you a head start here, not running the whole race for you!  You will also want to closely examine the syllabus for other articles that apply to your selected topic.

Select an emergency or disaster event in history



A. Review the “Media Releases & Packets” presentation found in the Week 2 module in “Modules”.

B. Select an emergency or disaster event in history, e.g., Pompeii/Mt Vesuvius, Hurricane Camille, The Great Chicago Fire, Hindenburg, Chernobyl, etc. Write a Media/News Release for the disaster event at any time period /significant event of the disaster, e.g., 4 hours pre-landfall, 2 weeks later, etc. Use yourself as the PIO contact and the disaster location as the origin of the release. You can originate the release from any organization/EOC you think reasonable.

NOTE: Remember, you are writing from the perspective of the Public Information Officer (PIO) from an agency “responding” to the disaster. You are not writing as a news reporter.

C. Prepare a media/news release in written form using the information found in the “Writing – Media Releases & Packets” presentation (specifically slides 6-11) from Week 2. The release should be done as a Microsoft Word document and posted to the “Media Release #1” folder in the “Assignments” section of the course Canvas website. Your release should show examples of each concept covered in the course to date. You will be graded on content, format (as covered in the Week 2 “Writing – Media Releases & Packets”) presentation, effectiveness of your message as well as empathy, stakeholder strategies and what readers should do next.

provide insight and details regarding each of these three concepts (security management, the built environment and security principles)

provide insight and details regarding each of these three concepts (security management, the built environment and security principles)

Security science as a whole integrates three fundamental concepts (security management, the built environment and security principles); those which are informed and directed by security risk management. For this assignment, provide insight and details regarding each of these three concepts and appropriate examples regarding how the security professional would approach and employ them in carrying out their roles and responsibilities.

Technical Requirements:

Length: 4-5 pages total, double spaced, 1″ margins, 12 pitch type in Times New Roman font.  Title page, abstract (if used) and reference list do not count towards the required page count. Sources: You are not limited to the assigned readings within this course for your research.  Research outside of assignment readings is encouraged.  You must use and document in your paper, a minimum of five academically acceptable resources for this assignment. Citations/References: You must use the APA Reference List (Parenthetical) style for this assignment. Submission: All work should be prepared in Microsoft Word and submitted as an attachment by 11:55 PM on the Sunday ending Week three. All work should be prepared in Microsoft Word format and submitted as an attachment .Grading: Submissions will be graded using the attached rubric.

analyze the idea of Air Traffic Control Privatization

This first short paper requires you to critically analyze the idea of Air Traffic Control Privatization. Your short paper should describe options for privatization, a critical analysis of those options, and a recommended course of action based on your analysis. In addition, to gain more experience using the databases for research, all references will be from the Hunt Library.

Access the Hunt Library, and enter “Air Traffic Control Privatization” into “Eagle Search,” and search. When results come up, you can further refine the search by selecting filters – maybe just magazine or journal articles – whatever you want. You can also filter by publication dates; selecting the “last 12 months,” for example, would ensure you get current results.

Your paper will include a title page, 2–3 pages of text, and a reference page, all APA formatted. An abstract and table of contents are not needed for a paper this short.

Your paper will automatically be evaluated through Turn it in when you submit your assignment in this activity. Turn it in is a service that checks your work for improper citation or potential plagiarism by comparing it against a database of web pages, student papers, and articles from academic books and publications. Ensure that your work is entirely your own and that you have not plagiarized any material!