Define Diffusion of Responsibility.

Due by Sunday afternoon….please make sure run the assignment in “Turn It In” and make sure there isnt not even 1% of plagarism. This is for a Research Methods in Psychology class. This summary must not be a re-wording of the study’s abstract.  You are to read the study and summarize the main points


Our team is doing Bystander and Diffusion of Responsibility.


There are three articles to review. Each article must have a the questions answered from below:

1) brief background for the study (context for the study)

2) the hypothesis tested

3) who the participants in the study were

6) general method

7) a brief summary of the results

8) how the authors interpreted their findings. If there is more than one experimental study reported in the article you should select the study that best demonstrates the topic the authors are testing and summarize that study.

9) Finally you should give an analysis of how the study you reviewed relates to the study you and your team are considering (my team are doing Bystander and Diffusion of Responsibility).

10) Good grammar, punction, error free etc.


In addition, please make sure not to exceed more than one page per article. This needs to be in APA format so double space with 12 point arial font.


If you have any questions please contact me.


The 3 articles are attached.

Identify differences between the experimental group and the control group

Identify differences between the experimental group and the control group
Identify differences between the experimental group and the control group

1.hough Jesse spent most of his growing years in a succession of foster homes after enduring abuse and neglect, his disposition in cheerful and his relationships are healthy and fulfilling. According to developmentalists, he exhibits ______ (the ability to overcome or bounce from adversity) despite his early experiences.

2.In a(n) ______, the scientist deliberately changes one variable and measures the change in some other variable.

3.When differences between the experimental group and the control group are so large that they could not have occurred simply by chance, they are considered to be statistically  ______.

4.A developmental psychologist (e.g., Jean Piaget) who bases his conclusions on intensive study of one child or a few individuals is using the ______ method.

Discuss how the primary sources relate to the secondary sources.

I need help completing the below tasks: my question is what are the effects of the atomic bomb on the health of the people living in Vietnam


In this project, you will write the introductory paragraph of a history paper based on one of the questions you identified in your topic exploration worksheet. To do this, however, you must first find out a bit more information about your topic and draft a research plan. This will allow you to transform your question about your topic into a thesis statement, as well as give you the background information you will need to craft an interesting introductory paragraph. You will not write the entire paper, just the introduction to the paper that concludes with a thesis statement. The following critical elements will be assessed in a Word document of 3–5 pages that combines both your research plan (Critical Elements I–II) and your introduction (Critical Element III).

Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

  1. Compile secondary sources about your event that address the following questions using the provided materials. Be sure to cite your information using the most recent version of APA guidelines. Based on the sources you have selected, address the following questions:
  2. What is the historical context of the event? In other words, what was going on in the world/area/society around the event?
  3. How did the historical context influence the event? For instance, what was happening in the world/area/society around the event that impacted how it occurred?
  4. Compile primary sources you could use for additional information using the provided materials. Be sure to cite your information using the most recent version of APA guidelines. Based on the sources you have selected, address the following questions:
  5. Discuss how the primary sources relate to the secondary sources. Do the primary sources support what the secondary sources are telling you, or do they contradict what those sources have told you?
  6. Explain what these primary sources add to your understanding of the topic. How does it help you understand the topic better than the secondary sources?

III. Write your introduction.

  1. Based on your primary and secondary source research, turn your research question into a thesis statement that addresses your topic and how it has been influenced by its historical context.
  2. From the knowledge you have gained from your primary and secondary sources, determine what background information you will use in the introduction to lead to your thesis statement.
  3. Write your introduction. Be sure to incorporate your background information and to conclude with your thesis statement.




Project  Rubric

Guidelines for Submission: Your research plan and introduction should be 3–5 pages, with double spacing, one-inch margins, 12-point Times New Roman font,and formatted according to the most current version of APA style.

Sources Information

Science (what were the effects of the atomic bomb on the health of the people living in Vietnam)  use one primary source and one secondary source


The Associated Press. (1945, Aug. 6–14). AP was there: The US drops atomic bombs on Japan in 1945. Retrieved from

Atomic Archive. (2015). Historical documents and reports. Retrieved from

Manhattan Engineer District. (1946, June 29). The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Retrieved from

Secondary (attached as a doc in this post)

Harper, J. (2007). Secrets revealed, revelations concealed: A secret city confronts its environmental legacy. The George Washington University Institute for Ethnographic Research, 80(1), 39–64.

Retrieved from

Malloy, S. L. (2012). ‘A very pleasant way to die’:  <(ALSO ATTACHED TO THIS POST Radiation effects and the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan. Diplomatic History,36(3), 515–545. Retrieved from,ip,url,cpid&custid=shapiro&db=a9h&AN=74547716&site=ehost-live&scope=site


[DB1]Attached in a different document

Analyze the effects of historical, social, political, economic, cultural and global forces on this period of United States history.

Analyze the effects of historical, social, political, economic, cultural and global forces on this period of United States history

A minimum of two posts are made in the discussion forum:

  • one post responding to the forum prompt\question
  • one post responding to a peer.
The posts are on topic and meet the requirements of the assignment. Peer responses include comments above and beyond “good job” or “I agree.”
The original post is 200 -500 words in length.

Peer response post is 75 – 200 words in length.

Posts are proofread and free from glaring spelling or grammatical errors.


This Unit will cover the birth of the United States including: the Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492; European settlement of the Americas; English domination of the colonization of the Americas, and the American Revolution. Assignments required for this Unit are: Discussions Posts 1-3, and Unit I Reading Quiz.

Learning Objectives:

1. Create an argument through the use of historical evidence.

2. Analyze and interpret primary and secondary sources.

3. Analyze the effects of historical, social, political, economic, cultural and global forces on this period of United States history.

Discuss the role that will argue against the American revolution as Loyalist or Tory citizens.


You are to assume the role that will argue against the American revolution as Loyalist or Tory citizens.

Loyalist James Chalmers, under the pseudonym of Candidus, wrote Plain Truth in response to Thomas Paine’s famous pamphlet Common Sense.  You can click on the enclosed link to read Thomas Paine at Gutenberg Project.  Then read the excerpted text from Chalmers below, shaping your statement in support or in opposition to Chalmer’s argument.


I have just heard the news of a small group of ruffians who have dumped a large amount of tea into the Boston Harbor. The initial report was that this group was a roving band of Indians. I refuse to be influenced by the underground rebellious press that continues to feed us with false reports and slanted view points that support a rebellion against the Crown. I and many loyal Colonists have found the truth to this report. The ruffians were actually a group of men , most of them are associated with the secret societv of Masons. The event demonstrates a useless destruction of property against the East India Company. I am writing to inform you that the tea which was destroyed was sent to the Colonies to be sold at a very competitive price as the East India Tea Company has a surplus of tea. King George has authorized the sale of this tea to benefit the Colonies. This tea would have also helped the financial state of the East India Tea Company of which we certainly hope would stay solvent. We have also found information alluding to the tea smuggling operations of John Hancock and other of the rebellion supporters. Could it be that the tea in Boston Harbor was destroyed to prevent competitive pricing of tea? (are we merely changing tax collectors?) Why do we continue to anger King George by useless acts of property damage?

I urge you all to consider the price we would pay for rebellion against the Crown. Some of our Colonists call this revolution but you must realize that this is a huge mistake, any actions against the Crown represent a mere rebellion.



Your submission should be a minimum of 650 words in length with no PLAGIARISM.  Try not to make assumptions.  Instead, assume the historical role of someone who lived in the colonies in the period up to, and including, the American Revolution. You could be a Colonial politician, a merchant, a farmer, a shop owner, or even a Southern plantation owner. Be creative. AT LEAST 1 APA reference.

What did the original Constitution say about slavery?


    In this first journal activity, you may write about any topic(s) of your choice, but it is best to use the textbook to study.

    • For this activity, topics should address content covered in Chapters 14-24 in the textbook.
      • It is expected that, at a minimum, you are reading the assigned textbook chapters.
      • You are encouraged to read collateral historical writings on topics covered in the textbook.
    • This activity will consist of 10 separate journal entries; you will have a total of 20 entries by the end of the course.
    • Each separate entry should:
      • contain a minimum of 120 words.
      • consist of a summary, paraphrase, and synthesis of material you are reading/studying in this course.
      • be written in your own words- do not quote the work of others verbatim.
      • discuss the subject matter that you are studying – do not simply agree/disagree.
    • Your study involves, first and foremost, learning the nation’s past; doing so requires a review of previously published studies, so you are encouraged to conduct research using outside resources, but be sure to draft your journal entries in your own words.
      • Direct quotations should not be used; citations are not necessary.
      • Do not copy/paste information from any source.
      • No citations
  • Grading Criteria

    You will make two separate journal submissions during this course. Each submission will be worth 50 points.

    • Each submission will consist of 10 separate journal entries.
    • Save the file containing your second set of 10 entries in .rtf (rich text format), and name the file Journal #1.
    • For clarity and ease, please title your entries as Entry 1, Entry 2, Entry 3, etc.
    • Each separate journal entry should be a minimum of 120 words in length.
    • Each entry should pertain to African American History.
    • Each entry should be written in your own words.
    • Submission of only half the required length/number of journals will earn half of the available points.

    To gain a better understanding of journal entry expectations, please review the sample entry below:

    Entry 1

    What did the original Constitution say about slavery? Though the fate of slavery was not the foremost issue facing the framers of the Constitution, there was debate over slavery during the convention. Southern states wanted slaves to be counted in the national census, because that would increase their representation in the national government. Framers compromised and agreed to count each slave as three-fifths of a person. Another issue had to do with the international slave trade, which many delegates wanted to ban. Eventually, it was agreed that Congress would not be able to outlaw the international slave trade for twenty years. Lastly, at the insistence of delegates from southern states, the Constitution included a fugitive slave clause requiring northern states to return run-away slaves. Though many delegates, including some from southern states, believed slavery would eventually die out, the final document helped to ensure that slavery would become a permanent part of the new nation for decades to come.

    Note: You will notice that this entry is greater than 120 words in length.

    • Keep in mind that 120 words is the minimum length.
    • There are no “right or wrong” answers, and it is not required that your instructor “agree” with your entry.
    • You will be graded on how your entry demonstrates that you have read and thought about the material.
    • You are encouraged to use the journal entries as study aids for the exams.

Research African Americans and the Military Write at least 300 words

Write this essay about the 332nd Fighter group of the Tuskegee Airmen



Write essay on 332nd Fighter group of the Tuskegee Airmen


Essay: Research African Americans and the MilitaryWrite at least 300 words in an essay format and post by Sunday, 11:55 p.m. ET. At least 2 responses of at least 200 words each by Sunday, 11:55 p.m. ET. Full Description

Pick one historical figure or group listed below- each of these people or groups are connected to African American Military History  from 1877 to 2017.

This essay must be at least 300 words. The essay and 2 peer responses (at least 200 words each) are due Sunday, 11:55 p.m. ET. Post your essay as early as possible so students have time to respond. They are both graded with the essay grading rubric. Therefore, do not use your textbook or an encyclopedia. Research in the library or from the course bibliography. You must cite and use at least one academic source. You may research on the Internet. However, if you do, you must, in writing, analyze the academic validity of your website using the CRAP test.

The CRAAP test will help you learn what an academic source is:

  • Currency: How old is it? Is it up-to-date? Or is it a primary source document?
  • Reliability and Relevance: What is the source of the information? Is it relevant to your topic? Who published it? Is it peer-reviewed? Is there a bias?
  • Authority: Who is the author? What are their credentials? What is their field of expertise?
  • Purpose or Point-of-View: What is the author’s intention? Who is it written for (which audience)? Is this a primary source or secondary document? Is it a tertiary document (not allowed)?

For online sources, you must ask addition questions. What is the domain (.edu?)? Who publishes the site, or sponsors it? Is it recent (has it been updated)? Are there advertisements or signs that it is a poorly designed website with all kinds of distractions? Is the site supposed to be an academic one? Or is it someone’s pet project?

Remember that this is a formal essay of at least 300 words and you need an introduction (with a thesis statement), body, and conclusion

Discuss Did Cameron commit any ethical or legal violations by allowing Hadley into the clinical trial?

Hadley, a thirty-five-year-old physician, has worked at Princeton Plainsboro Hospital for six years. She recently received a promotion to the head of oncology and is looking forward to spending the remainder of her medical career at the hospital.

Unfortunately, Hadley has a family history of Huntington’s disease, a condition that causes movement, cognitive and psychiatric disorders. Hadley’s mother suffered and eventually passed away from the disease, as there is no cure. Huntington’s is an autosomal dominant condition, meaning that Hadley has a fifty-percent chance of inheriting the condition from her mother.

For years, she has put the thought of inheriting the condition out of her mind, but she is quickly approaching her thirty-sixth birthday, and that is when her mother began to show symptoms of the disease. Hadley decides that now is the time to go ahead and have the genetic testing done to see if she will inherit the disease from her mother.

Hadley has the testing done at Princeton Plainsboro, and two weeks later receives her results – she is positive for Huntington’s. Hadley is devastated, but decides that she will continue with her oncology practice until she is mentally and physically unable to perform her duties.

Additionally, she speaks to her friend, Cameron about a clinical trial for a new medication to treat Huntington’s that has recently begun at the hospital. Because she is too late to enter the study and does not want anyone to know she has the condition, Cameron agrees to allow her to take the experimental medication and participate in the trial without signing any documents.

Three weeks later, a lab tech speaks to Hadley’s superior regarding her unfortunate diagnosis.  Because hospital management knows that Hadley likely only has a few more years to work in oncology, they terminate her employment to hire a new head of oncology that can run the unit for the foreseeable future.

Please read the scenario carefully, and discuss the following:

  • What, if any regulations were violated when Hadley entered into the clinical trial in this manner?
  • Did she commit any ethical violations by entering into the clinical trial this way?
  • Did Cameron commit any ethical or legal violations by allowing Hadley into the clinical trial?
  • What ethical and legal issues arise with the type of genetic testing that Hadley underwent? Do you think this type of testing is beneficial or harmful to the individual being tested?

Describe the socio-economic, political, and religious influences of settlement houses and compare and contrast Hull House in Chicago and and Bassett Place in Minneapolis.

Please need each question answered in 200 words minimum. Please use attached articles to reply.


1.”Troubled by Newcomers”

Post your paragraph regarding key points, ask a question you would like the class to consider, and respond to another student’s question in the forum.


2. “Thinking Locally, Acting Globally”

Post your paragraph regarding key points, ask a question you would like the class to consider, and respond to another student’s question in the forum.



3. Settlement Houses

Describe the socio-economic, political, and religious influences of settlement houses and compare and contrast Hull House in Chicago and and Bassett Place in Minneapolis. How are the settlement houses reflective of the Progressive Era?




Thinking Locally, Acting Globally      (pp. 203-222)

Michelle Rief
The Journal of African American History
Settlement Houses: An Introduction

John E. Hansan, Ph.D.
The Social Welfare History Project
Troubled By Newcomers: Anti-Immigrant Attitudes and Action during Two Eras

Charles Jaret
Journal of American Ethnic History – Spring 1999
Mental Health America – Origins

Social Welfare History Project

How did ideas about citizenship and belonging change over the 20th century?

There is not a page requirement or word limit; respond as fully as you feel able to. 3 examples probably sets you up for a 5 paragraph essay (including intro and conclusion) but this is not a requirement. (This essay should have an thesis to argue)

Selecting 2 topics from these 3.


1. How did ideas about citizenship and belonging change over the 20th century? Cite 3 examples of people or groups whose civic status changed between 1900 and 1980, and why.

2. Journalist Oriana Fallaci once said, “We are an age without leaders. We stopped having leaders at the end of the 20th century.”
Who do you think led the most important changes of the 20th century? Identify 3 significant events of the 20th century and who led them, and how. This could be a particular person or a group of people, even everyday people as we have discussed in class. There is no right or wrong way to answer this, but whatever you argue must be supported by evidence.

3.How has U.S. history been influenced by other parts of the world in the 20th century? Cite 3 examples or events in which the United States government or its people came into conflict or discussion with another country. How did these interactions influence American views of themselves and the world?

Please select examples from lectures and readings from following:


  • Rebecca Edwards. New Spirits: Americans in the Gilded Age: 1865-1905. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Danielle McGuire. At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance – A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power. New York: Random House, Inc, 2010.
  • Chapter 3, 4
  • Lectures: Kennedy years, early Civil Rights, foreign policy. Black Panthers and AIM, Youth cultures, Anti-war movement, Anti-Colonial movements worldwide, 1965 Immigration Act., Chicano/a movement, LGBTQ rights, Feminist movement(s): visions of gender and social change, De-Industrialization & Rise of New Right, Globalization, the U.S. and the World Economy.