Describe the drawbacks of airborne sensor platforms in the collection of technical intelligence.

Agreement

 

8 DQs x 2 for a total of 18 DQs

Original response due Thursday, 2 responses due Saturday

 

4 Progress Assignments

 

2 Midterm Projects

 

1 Final Project

 

————————————————————————————–

INTL304 – Week 2:  1st Progress Assignment (due 13 December)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress FOLLOWING the readings and your completion of the ungraded exam in the exams area of the classroom:

1) Why is GEOINT not a true INT?

2) What are the three ways in which electromagnetic waves interact with matter?

3) What is a sensor suite?

4) Describe the orbits of satellite sensor platforms

5) Describe the drawbacks of airborne sensor platforms in the collection of technical intelligence.

 

6) Describe resolution

 

 

INTL446 MIDTERM – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 20 December)

This assignment is a take-home essay assignment of 2 questions, 3 pages each, for a total of 6 pages.

 

This assignment is meant to test your knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives. The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.

 

Answer each of the following questions below.  Be sure to use several sources to support your argument and use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Question 1 – Available drugs, DTOs, trafficking methods

Explain the primary traffickers and routes for each of the 5 major illicit drugs available in the United States (cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA).

 

Question 2 – U.S. and international policies, strategies, and objectives

 

Compare the objectives of the UN drug control treaties and that of the United States drug laws; include the policies and strategies that support the objectives of each.

 

 

INTL446 PROGRESS – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 27 December)

This assignment is a research paper of 8-10 pages including research and analysis designed to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives.

 

The assignment focuses on the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission.  The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.  In this assignment, you will show that you understand and are able to evaluate the coursework.

 

Address the question below.  Be sure to use at least 5 sources to support your argument and use the proper citation format.  Be sure to use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Evaluate the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission by developing a counter-narcotics strategy against a drug trafficking organization.

 

 

Choose a DTO (either a specific one such as “the Sinaloa Cartel” or a general one such as “a DTO operating in Colombia”).  First, develop a counter-narcotics plan that incorporates the use of each of the intelligence disciplines, being sure to discuss which agencies will participate in the operation for each discipline.  Second, look at the plan from the viewpoint of the drug trafficking and delineate how you (as a DTO) will change your methods of operation to avoid the law enforcement efforts.

 

 

INTL304 – Week 4:  Midterm Project (due 27 December)

Assignment Instructions:

This is not your ordinary “essay” midterm. For the midterm project you will deliver two intelligence collection plans (a tactical and a separate strategic collection plan).

You are expected to deliver in .ppt or .doc format a table that is a matrix of potential intelligence targets and collection methods (feel free to break down major methods of collection, like SIGINT, into their components: ELINT, COMINT, MASINT, TELINT, etc.).

You are asked to submit two matrices: one that deals with tactical intelligence and one that deals with strategic intelligence. You are required to identify and describe an intelligence question (of your choice) that drives each of these matrices. Remember what you learned early on in this class: clarity in the intelligence question is the most important element of collection planning.

Your grade will be based on the following rubric and I recommend you make a check list to be sure you have:

1) the primary intelligence question or requirement identified (in two separate strategic and tactical matrices),

2) you’ve listed your sub-questions or component information requirements(PIRs/EEIs),

3) listing of targets of collection, and tie the targets to the PIRs,

5) identify what collection mechanisms you will recommend for each target, and

6) provide an estimate of the expected effectiveness of the collection to successfully collect the information needed

(NOTE: a project that is does not pursue the purpose of this assignment–intelligence collection planning–will be considered “off-topic” and zero points granted)

Each matrix should not extend beyond one page (which means that your midterm will not be longer than 2 pages). This means you need to make a judgment about what targets you want to include on your matrix (some are probably not worthy of much consideration).

You should also, on a scale of 1-10, rate the effectiveness of that particular target-collection method combination (this evaluation will be relative and not perfect, but it is important to get a grasp on effectiveness of certain target-collection combinations.

You are welcome to display your matrix in any graphical fashion that you like. Any creativity you bring to this assignment in your layout should be there to help you make your point. Be sure to label your columns and rows clearly. You are welcome to use font size 8 in the matrix in order to include additional description or you run short on space.

This assignment is due at the end of Week 4 (27 December). Do not delay. I think you’ll have fun with this assignment but you might end up doing a little research on the intelligence question you choose and you’ll probably spend some time organizing the ideas so that you clearly communicate what you intend.

– – – – – – –

Some students, after completing this midterm confess confusion and vagueness about this assignment. Please understand that this assignment is designed as it is for a reason…not by accident. So to help you better understand what you are doing and why I offer this explanation of how this assignment will help you as students in this program and beyond:

This is often perceived as a difficult assignment for some students. First, many students have a military enlisted background and have extended time in schoolhouses. They are given templates and formats and job tasks and asked to complete them. For those not in the military they do not have experience with intelligence job tasks, and especially collection tasks. Regardless of your background there is something important to be learned in this assignment.

In this assignment I don’t want the students doing a fill-in-the-blank midterm. The design was intended to accomplish two things: 1) find out if a student knows what the components of a collection plan are and how they relate to each other (from the intelligence question to the PIR, the target, and the collection method). In real life we would actually list a collection platform, but that tends to make the collection plans classified. For this reason we stop at listing the “type” of collection (MASINT, FISINT, etc.), and 2) is to ask that the students toss out doctrinal training, and fill-in-the-blanks, and see if they can creatively “see” the connections and then assemble (communicate) a moderately complex plan in a chart. This requires creativity and asks the students to exercise that portion of their intellect that is so important in intelligence, creativity and imagination, and do so with sound logic.

 

I do understand the concern that some students present about vagueness or lack of direction. The students may not like the vagueness but it stretches and challenges them to go beyond being an automaton–to become creative and imaginative critical thinkers. If there is one trait that needs to be improved in our IC it is creativity and imagination. The 9/11 committees, reports, and commissions came to the same conclusion. This is one of the MAJOR failings of the IC in the pre-9/11 years. We need to develop and inspire creativity and imagination. So that is why this midterm is designed the way it is designed. The students are given the flexibility to address the problem, with minimum guidance and intended vagueness.

 

INTL304 – Week 5:  2nd Progress Assignment (due 4 January)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) What are the three “facts” related to the nature of objects that makes the basis for radiometric sensing?

2) Spectral signatures may include what 4 different types of matter/energy interaction?

3) Describe the operation of a radar.

4) What is the difference between operational use and intelligence use of radar data?

5) Why is synthetic aperture radar one of the most powerful tools in intelligence collection?

 

6) What is the difference between COMINT and ELINT components of SIGINT?

 

INTL304 – Week 8:  3rd Progress Assignment (due 25 January)

Assignment Instructions

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) Describe and give an example of materials sampling intelligence collection

2) Describe and give an example of materials acquisition intelligence collection

3) What technical collection is necessary to identify the origin (not the location) of a detonated nuclear weapon?

4) Biometric sensors collect information on what (list at least five)?

5) Describe the limitations of non-EM sensors

 

6) Discuss the environment and purpose of employment of acoustic sensors.

 

FINAL PROJECT TO BE ANNOUNCED AT A LATER DATE

 

ALL RESOURCES FOR ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE SUBMITTED SEPRERATELY

 

TOTAL = $455

Evaluate the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission by developing a counter-narcotics strategy against a drug trafficking organization

Agreement

 

8 DQs x 2 for a total of 18 DQs

Original response due Thursday, 2 responses due Saturday

 

4 Progress Assignments

 

2 Midterm Projects

 

1 Final Project

 

————————————————————————————–

INTL304 – Week 2:  1st Progress Assignment (due 13 December)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress FOLLOWING the readings and your completion of the ungraded exam in the exams area of the classroom:

1) Why is GEOINT not a true INT?

2) What are the three ways in which electromagnetic waves interact with matter?

3) What is a sensor suite?

4) Describe the orbits of satellite sensor platforms

5) Describe the drawbacks of airborne sensor platforms in the collection of technical intelligence.

 

6) Describe resolution

 

 

INTL446 MIDTERM – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 20 December)

This assignment is a take-home essay assignment of 2 questions, 3 pages each, for a total of 6 pages.

 

This assignment is meant to test your knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives. The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.

 

Answer each of the following questions below.  Be sure to use several sources to support your argument and use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Question 1 – Available drugs, DTOs, trafficking methods

Explain the primary traffickers and routes for each of the 5 major illicit drugs available in the United States (cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA).

 

Question 2 – U.S. and international policies, strategies, and objectives

 

Compare the objectives of the UN drug control treaties and that of the United States drug laws; include the policies and strategies that support the objectives of each.

 

 

INTL446 PROGRESS – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 27 December)

This assignment is a research paper of 8-10 pages including research and analysis designed to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives.

 

The assignment focuses on the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission.  The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.  In this assignment, you will show that you understand and are able to evaluate the coursework.

 

Address the question below.  Be sure to use at least 5 sources to support your argument and use the proper citation format.  Be sure to use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Evaluate the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission by developing a counter-narcotics strategy against a drug trafficking organization.

 

 

Choose a DTO (either a specific one such as “the Sinaloa Cartel” or a general one such as “a DTO operating in Colombia”).  First, develop a counter-narcotics plan that incorporates the use of each of the intelligence disciplines, being sure to discuss which agencies will participate in the operation for each discipline.  Second, look at the plan from the viewpoint of the drug trafficking and delineate how you (as a DTO) will change your methods of operation to avoid the law enforcement efforts.

 

 

INTL304 – Week 4:  Midterm Project (due 27 December)

Assignment Instructions:

This is not your ordinary “essay” midterm. For the midterm project you will deliver two intelligence collection plans (a tactical and a separate strategic collection plan).

You are expected to deliver in .ppt or .doc format a table that is a matrix of potential intelligence targets and collection methods (feel free to break down major methods of collection, like SIGINT, into their components: ELINT, COMINT, MASINT, TELINT, etc.).

You are asked to submit two matrices: one that deals with tactical intelligence and one that deals with strategic intelligence. You are required to identify and describe an intelligence question (of your choice) that drives each of these matrices. Remember what you learned early on in this class: clarity in the intelligence question is the most important element of collection planning.

Your grade will be based on the following rubric and I recommend you make a check list to be sure you have:

1) the primary intelligence question or requirement identified (in two separate strategic and tactical matrices),

2) you’ve listed your sub-questions or component information requirements(PIRs/EEIs),

3) listing of targets of collection, and tie the targets to the PIRs,

5) identify what collection mechanisms you will recommend for each target, and

6) provide an estimate of the expected effectiveness of the collection to successfully collect the information needed

(NOTE: a project that is does not pursue the purpose of this assignment–intelligence collection planning–will be considered “off-topic” and zero points granted)

Each matrix should not extend beyond one page (which means that your midterm will not be longer than 2 pages). This means you need to make a judgment about what targets you want to include on your matrix (some are probably not worthy of much consideration).

You should also, on a scale of 1-10, rate the effectiveness of that particular target-collection method combination (this evaluation will be relative and not perfect, but it is important to get a grasp on effectiveness of certain target-collection combinations.

You are welcome to display your matrix in any graphical fashion that you like. Any creativity you bring to this assignment in your layout should be there to help you make your point. Be sure to label your columns and rows clearly. You are welcome to use font size 8 in the matrix in order to include additional description or you run short on space.

This assignment is due at the end of Week 4 (27 December). Do not delay. I think you’ll have fun with this assignment but you might end up doing a little research on the intelligence question you choose and you’ll probably spend some time organizing the ideas so that you clearly communicate what you intend.

– – – – – – –

Some students, after completing this midterm confess confusion and vagueness about this assignment. Please understand that this assignment is designed as it is for a reason…not by accident. So to help you better understand what you are doing and why I offer this explanation of how this assignment will help you as students in this program and beyond:

This is often perceived as a difficult assignment for some students. First, many students have a military enlisted background and have extended time in schoolhouses. They are given templates and formats and job tasks and asked to complete them. For those not in the military they do not have experience with intelligence job tasks, and especially collection tasks. Regardless of your background there is something important to be learned in this assignment.

In this assignment I don’t want the students doing a fill-in-the-blank midterm. The design was intended to accomplish two things: 1) find out if a student knows what the components of a collection plan are and how they relate to each other (from the intelligence question to the PIR, the target, and the collection method). In real life we would actually list a collection platform, but that tends to make the collection plans classified. For this reason we stop at listing the “type” of collection (MASINT, FISINT, etc.), and 2) is to ask that the students toss out doctrinal training, and fill-in-the-blanks, and see if they can creatively “see” the connections and then assemble (communicate) a moderately complex plan in a chart. This requires creativity and asks the students to exercise that portion of their intellect that is so important in intelligence, creativity and imagination, and do so with sound logic.

 

I do understand the concern that some students present about vagueness or lack of direction. The students may not like the vagueness but it stretches and challenges them to go beyond being an automaton–to become creative and imaginative critical thinkers. If there is one trait that needs to be improved in our IC it is creativity and imagination. The 9/11 committees, reports, and commissions came to the same conclusion. This is one of the MAJOR failings of the IC in the pre-9/11 years. We need to develop and inspire creativity and imagination. So that is why this midterm is designed the way it is designed. The students are given the flexibility to address the problem, with minimum guidance and intended vagueness.

 

INTL304 – Week 5:  2nd Progress Assignment (due 4 January)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) What are the three “facts” related to the nature of objects that makes the basis for radiometric sensing?

2) Spectral signatures may include what 4 different types of matter/energy interaction?

3) Describe the operation of a radar.

4) What is the difference between operational use and intelligence use of radar data?

5) Why is synthetic aperture radar one of the most powerful tools in intelligence collection?

 

6) What is the difference between COMINT and ELINT components of SIGINT?

 

INTL304 – Week 8:  3rd Progress Assignment (due 25 January)

Assignment Instructions

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) Describe and give an example of materials sampling intelligence collection

2) Describe and give an example of materials acquisition intelligence collection

3) What technical collection is necessary to identify the origin (not the location) of a detonated nuclear weapon?

4) Biometric sensors collect information on what (list at least five)?

5) Describe the limitations of non-EM sensors

 

6) Discuss the environment and purpose of employment of acoustic sensors.

 

FINAL PROJECT TO BE ANNOUNCED AT A LATER DATE

 

ALL RESOURCES FOR ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE SUBMITTED SEPRERATELY

 

TOTAL = $455

Describe the operation of a radar.

Agreement

 

8 DQs x 2 for a total of 18 DQs

Original response due Thursday, 2 responses due Saturday

 

4 Progress Assignments

 

2 Midterm Projects

 

1 Final Project

 

————————————————————————————–

INTL304 – Week 2:  1st Progress Assignment (due 13 December)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress FOLLOWING the readings and your completion of the ungraded exam in the exams area of the classroom:

1) Why is GEOINT not a true INT?

2) What are the three ways in which electromagnetic waves interact with matter?

3) What is a sensor suite?

4) Describe the orbits of satellite sensor platforms

5) Describe the drawbacks of airborne sensor platforms in the collection of technical intelligence.

 

6) Describe resolution

 

 

INTL446 MIDTERM – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 20 December)

This assignment is a take-home essay assignment of 2 questions, 3 pages each, for a total of 6 pages.

 

This assignment is meant to test your knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives. The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.

 

Answer each of the following questions below.  Be sure to use several sources to support your argument and use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Question 1 – Available drugs, DTOs, trafficking methods

Explain the primary traffickers and routes for each of the 5 major illicit drugs available in the United States (cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA).

 

Question 2 – U.S. and international policies, strategies, and objectives

 

Compare the objectives of the UN drug control treaties and that of the United States drug laws; include the policies and strategies that support the objectives of each.

 

 

INTL446 PROGRESS – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 27 December)

This assignment is a research paper of 8-10 pages including research and analysis designed to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives.

 

The assignment focuses on the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission.  The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.  In this assignment, you will show that you understand and are able to evaluate the coursework.

 

Address the question below.  Be sure to use at least 5 sources to support your argument and use the proper citation format.  Be sure to use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Evaluate the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission by developing a counter-narcotics strategy against a drug trafficking organization.

 

 

Choose a DTO (either a specific one such as “the Sinaloa Cartel” or a general one such as “a DTO operating in Colombia”).  First, develop a counter-narcotics plan that incorporates the use of each of the intelligence disciplines, being sure to discuss which agencies will participate in the operation for each discipline.  Second, look at the plan from the viewpoint of the drug trafficking and delineate how you (as a DTO) will change your methods of operation to avoid the law enforcement efforts.

 

 

INTL304 – Week 4:  Midterm Project (due 27 December)

Assignment Instructions:

This is not your ordinary “essay” midterm. For the midterm project you will deliver two intelligence collection plans (a tactical and a separate strategic collection plan).

You are expected to deliver in .ppt or .doc format a table that is a matrix of potential intelligence targets and collection methods (feel free to break down major methods of collection, like SIGINT, into their components: ELINT, COMINT, MASINT, TELINT, etc.).

You are asked to submit two matrices: one that deals with tactical intelligence and one that deals with strategic intelligence. You are required to identify and describe an intelligence question (of your choice) that drives each of these matrices. Remember what you learned early on in this class: clarity in the intelligence question is the most important element of collection planning.

Your grade will be based on the following rubric and I recommend you make a check list to be sure you have:

1) the primary intelligence question or requirement identified (in two separate strategic and tactical matrices),

2) you’ve listed your sub-questions or component information requirements(PIRs/EEIs),

3) listing of targets of collection, and tie the targets to the PIRs,

5) identify what collection mechanisms you will recommend for each target, and

6) provide an estimate of the expected effectiveness of the collection to successfully collect the information needed

(NOTE: a project that is does not pursue the purpose of this assignment–intelligence collection planning–will be considered “off-topic” and zero points granted)

Each matrix should not extend beyond one page (which means that your midterm will not be longer than 2 pages). This means you need to make a judgment about what targets you want to include on your matrix (some are probably not worthy of much consideration).

You should also, on a scale of 1-10, rate the effectiveness of that particular target-collection method combination (this evaluation will be relative and not perfect, but it is important to get a grasp on effectiveness of certain target-collection combinations.

You are welcome to display your matrix in any graphical fashion that you like. Any creativity you bring to this assignment in your layout should be there to help you make your point. Be sure to label your columns and rows clearly. You are welcome to use font size 8 in the matrix in order to include additional description or you run short on space.

This assignment is due at the end of Week 4 (27 December). Do not delay. I think you’ll have fun with this assignment but you might end up doing a little research on the intelligence question you choose and you’ll probably spend some time organizing the ideas so that you clearly communicate what you intend.

– – – – – – –

Some students, after completing this midterm confess confusion and vagueness about this assignment. Please understand that this assignment is designed as it is for a reason…not by accident. So to help you better understand what you are doing and why I offer this explanation of how this assignment will help you as students in this program and beyond:

This is often perceived as a difficult assignment for some students. First, many students have a military enlisted background and have extended time in schoolhouses. They are given templates and formats and job tasks and asked to complete them. For those not in the military they do not have experience with intelligence job tasks, and especially collection tasks. Regardless of your background there is something important to be learned in this assignment.

In this assignment I don’t want the students doing a fill-in-the-blank midterm. The design was intended to accomplish two things: 1) find out if a student knows what the components of a collection plan are and how they relate to each other (from the intelligence question to the PIR, the target, and the collection method). In real life we would actually list a collection platform, but that tends to make the collection plans classified. For this reason we stop at listing the “type” of collection (MASINT, FISINT, etc.), and 2) is to ask that the students toss out doctrinal training, and fill-in-the-blanks, and see if they can creatively “see” the connections and then assemble (communicate) a moderately complex plan in a chart. This requires creativity and asks the students to exercise that portion of their intellect that is so important in intelligence, creativity and imagination, and do so with sound logic.

 

I do understand the concern that some students present about vagueness or lack of direction. The students may not like the vagueness but it stretches and challenges them to go beyond being an automaton–to become creative and imaginative critical thinkers. If there is one trait that needs to be improved in our IC it is creativity and imagination. The 9/11 committees, reports, and commissions came to the same conclusion. This is one of the MAJOR failings of the IC in the pre-9/11 years. We need to develop and inspire creativity and imagination. So that is why this midterm is designed the way it is designed. The students are given the flexibility to address the problem, with minimum guidance and intended vagueness.

 

INTL304 – Week 5:  2nd Progress Assignment (due 4 January)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) What are the three “facts” related to the nature of objects that makes the basis for radiometric sensing?

2) Spectral signatures may include what 4 different types of matter/energy interaction?

3) Describe the operation of a radar.

4) What is the difference between operational use and intelligence use of radar data?

5) Why is synthetic aperture radar one of the most powerful tools in intelligence collection?

 

6) What is the difference between COMINT and ELINT components of SIGINT?

 

INTL304 – Week 8:  3rd Progress Assignment (due 25 January)

Assignment Instructions

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) Describe and give an example of materials sampling intelligence collection

2) Describe and give an example of materials acquisition intelligence collection

3) What technical collection is necessary to identify the origin (not the location) of a detonated nuclear weapon?

4) Biometric sensors collect information on what (list at least five)?

5) Describe the limitations of non-EM sensors

 

6) Discuss the environment and purpose of employment of acoustic sensors.

 

FINAL PROJECT TO BE ANNOUNCED AT A LATER DATE

 

ALL RESOURCES FOR ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE SUBMITTED SEPRERATELY

 

TOTAL = $455

Discuss What is the difference between COMINT and ELINT components of SIGINT?

Agreement

 

8 DQs x 2 for a total of 18 DQs

Original response due Thursday, 2 responses due Saturday

 

4 Progress Assignments

 

2 Midterm Projects

 

1 Final Project

 

————————————————————————————–

INTL304 – Week 2:  1st Progress Assignment (due 13 December)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress FOLLOWING the readings and your completion of the ungraded exam in the exams area of the classroom:

1) Why is GEOINT not a true INT?

2) What are the three ways in which electromagnetic waves interact with matter?

3) What is a sensor suite?

4) Describe the orbits of satellite sensor platforms

5) Describe the drawbacks of airborne sensor platforms in the collection of technical intelligence.

 

6) Describe resolution

 

 

INTL446 MIDTERM – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 20 December)

This assignment is a take-home essay assignment of 2 questions, 3 pages each, for a total of 6 pages.

 

This assignment is meant to test your knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives. The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.

 

Answer each of the following questions below.  Be sure to use several sources to support your argument and use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Question 1 – Available drugs, DTOs, trafficking methods

Explain the primary traffickers and routes for each of the 5 major illicit drugs available in the United States (cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA).

 

Question 2 – U.S. and international policies, strategies, and objectives

 

Compare the objectives of the UN drug control treaties and that of the United States drug laws; include the policies and strategies that support the objectives of each.

 

 

INTL446 PROGRESS – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 27 December)

This assignment is a research paper of 8-10 pages including research and analysis designed to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives.

 

The assignment focuses on the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission.  The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.  In this assignment, you will show that you understand and are able to evaluate the coursework.

 

Address the question below.  Be sure to use at least 5 sources to support your argument and use the proper citation format.  Be sure to use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Evaluate the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission by developing a counter-narcotics strategy against a drug trafficking organization.

 

 

Choose a DTO (either a specific one such as “the Sinaloa Cartel” or a general one such as “a DTO operating in Colombia”).  First, develop a counter-narcotics plan that incorporates the use of each of the intelligence disciplines, being sure to discuss which agencies will participate in the operation for each discipline.  Second, look at the plan from the viewpoint of the drug trafficking and delineate how you (as a DTO) will change your methods of operation to avoid the law enforcement efforts.

 

 

INTL304 – Week 4:  Midterm Project (due 27 December)

Assignment Instructions:

This is not your ordinary “essay” midterm. For the midterm project you will deliver two intelligence collection plans (a tactical and a separate strategic collection plan).

You are expected to deliver in .ppt or .doc format a table that is a matrix of potential intelligence targets and collection methods (feel free to break down major methods of collection, like SIGINT, into their components: ELINT, COMINT, MASINT, TELINT, etc.).

You are asked to submit two matrices: one that deals with tactical intelligence and one that deals with strategic intelligence. You are required to identify and describe an intelligence question (of your choice) that drives each of these matrices. Remember what you learned early on in this class: clarity in the intelligence question is the most important element of collection planning.

Your grade will be based on the following rubric and I recommend you make a check list to be sure you have:

1) the primary intelligence question or requirement identified (in two separate strategic and tactical matrices),

2) you’ve listed your sub-questions or component information requirements(PIRs/EEIs),

3) listing of targets of collection, and tie the targets to the PIRs,

5) identify what collection mechanisms you will recommend for each target, and

6) provide an estimate of the expected effectiveness of the collection to successfully collect the information needed

(NOTE: a project that is does not pursue the purpose of this assignment–intelligence collection planning–will be considered “off-topic” and zero points granted)

Each matrix should not extend beyond one page (which means that your midterm will not be longer than 2 pages). This means you need to make a judgment about what targets you want to include on your matrix (some are probably not worthy of much consideration).

You should also, on a scale of 1-10, rate the effectiveness of that particular target-collection method combination (this evaluation will be relative and not perfect, but it is important to get a grasp on effectiveness of certain target-collection combinations.

You are welcome to display your matrix in any graphical fashion that you like. Any creativity you bring to this assignment in your layout should be there to help you make your point. Be sure to label your columns and rows clearly. You are welcome to use font size 8 in the matrix in order to include additional description or you run short on space.

This assignment is due at the end of Week 4 (27 December). Do not delay. I think you’ll have fun with this assignment but you might end up doing a little research on the intelligence question you choose and you’ll probably spend some time organizing the ideas so that you clearly communicate what you intend.

– – – – – – –

Some students, after completing this midterm confess confusion and vagueness about this assignment. Please understand that this assignment is designed as it is for a reason…not by accident. So to help you better understand what you are doing and why I offer this explanation of how this assignment will help you as students in this program and beyond:

This is often perceived as a difficult assignment for some students. First, many students have a military enlisted background and have extended time in schoolhouses. They are given templates and formats and job tasks and asked to complete them. For those not in the military they do not have experience with intelligence job tasks, and especially collection tasks. Regardless of your background there is something important to be learned in this assignment.

In this assignment I don’t want the students doing a fill-in-the-blank midterm. The design was intended to accomplish two things: 1) find out if a student knows what the components of a collection plan are and how they relate to each other (from the intelligence question to the PIR, the target, and the collection method). In real life we would actually list a collection platform, but that tends to make the collection plans classified. For this reason we stop at listing the “type” of collection (MASINT, FISINT, etc.), and 2) is to ask that the students toss out doctrinal training, and fill-in-the-blanks, and see if they can creatively “see” the connections and then assemble (communicate) a moderately complex plan in a chart. This requires creativity and asks the students to exercise that portion of their intellect that is so important in intelligence, creativity and imagination, and do so with sound logic.

 

I do understand the concern that some students present about vagueness or lack of direction. The students may not like the vagueness but it stretches and challenges them to go beyond being an automaton–to become creative and imaginative critical thinkers. If there is one trait that needs to be improved in our IC it is creativity and imagination. The 9/11 committees, reports, and commissions came to the same conclusion. This is one of the MAJOR failings of the IC in the pre-9/11 years. We need to develop and inspire creativity and imagination. So that is why this midterm is designed the way it is designed. The students are given the flexibility to address the problem, with minimum guidance and intended vagueness.

 

INTL304 – Week 5:  2nd Progress Assignment (due 4 January)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) What are the three “facts” related to the nature of objects that makes the basis for radiometric sensing?

2) Spectral signatures may include what 4 different types of matter/energy interaction?

3) Describe the operation of a radar.

4) What is the difference between operational use and intelligence use of radar data?

5) Why is synthetic aperture radar one of the most powerful tools in intelligence collection?

 

6) What is the difference between COMINT and ELINT components of SIGINT?

 

INTL304 – Week 8:  3rd Progress Assignment (due 25 January)

Assignment Instructions

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) Describe and give an example of materials sampling intelligence collection

2) Describe and give an example of materials acquisition intelligence collection

3) What technical collection is necessary to identify the origin (not the location) of a detonated nuclear weapon?

4) Biometric sensors collect information on what (list at least five)?

5) Describe the limitations of non-EM sensors

 

6) Discuss the environment and purpose of employment of acoustic sensors.

 

FINAL PROJECT TO BE ANNOUNCED AT A LATER DATE

 

ALL RESOURCES FOR ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE SUBMITTED SEPRERATELY

 

TOTAL = $455

Discuss What is the difference between operational use and intelligence use of radar data?

Agreement

 

8 DQs x 2 for a total of 18 DQs

Original response due Thursday, 2 responses due Saturday

 

4 Progress Assignments

 

2 Midterm Projects

 

1 Final Project

 

————————————————————————————–

INTL304 – Week 2:  1st Progress Assignment (due 13 December)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress FOLLOWING the readings and your completion of the ungraded exam in the exams area of the classroom:

1) Why is GEOINT not a true INT?

2) What are the three ways in which electromagnetic waves interact with matter?

3) What is a sensor suite?

4) Describe the orbits of satellite sensor platforms

5) Describe the drawbacks of airborne sensor platforms in the collection of technical intelligence.

 

6) Describe resolution

 

 

INTL446 MIDTERM – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 20 December)

This assignment is a take-home essay assignment of 2 questions, 3 pages each, for a total of 6 pages.

 

This assignment is meant to test your knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives. The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.

 

Answer each of the following questions below.  Be sure to use several sources to support your argument and use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Question 1 – Available drugs, DTOs, trafficking methods

Explain the primary traffickers and routes for each of the 5 major illicit drugs available in the United States (cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA).

 

Question 2 – U.S. and international policies, strategies, and objectives

 

Compare the objectives of the UN drug control treaties and that of the United States drug laws; include the policies and strategies that support the objectives of each.

 

 

INTL446 PROGRESS – Intelligence and Narcotics (due 27 December)

This assignment is a research paper of 8-10 pages including research and analysis designed to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives.

 

The assignment focuses on the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission.  The exclusive use of required texts and readings from this course is mandatory.  In this assignment, you will show that you understand and are able to evaluate the coursework.

 

Address the question below.  Be sure to use at least 5 sources to support your argument and use the proper citation format.  Be sure to use the proper Turabian/Chicago Style as the sole citation and reference style.

 

Evaluate the effectiveness of various intelligence collection disciplines applicable to the U.S. counter-narcotics mission by developing a counter-narcotics strategy against a drug trafficking organization.

 

 

Choose a DTO (either a specific one such as “the Sinaloa Cartel” or a general one such as “a DTO operating in Colombia”).  First, develop a counter-narcotics plan that incorporates the use of each of the intelligence disciplines, being sure to discuss which agencies will participate in the operation for each discipline.  Second, look at the plan from the viewpoint of the drug trafficking and delineate how you (as a DTO) will change your methods of operation to avoid the law enforcement efforts.

 

 

INTL304 – Week 4:  Midterm Project (due 27 December)

Assignment Instructions:

This is not your ordinary “essay” midterm. For the midterm project you will deliver two intelligence collection plans (a tactical and a separate strategic collection plan).

You are expected to deliver in .ppt or .doc format a table that is a matrix of potential intelligence targets and collection methods (feel free to break down major methods of collection, like SIGINT, into their components: ELINT, COMINT, MASINT, TELINT, etc.).

You are asked to submit two matrices: one that deals with tactical intelligence and one that deals with strategic intelligence. You are required to identify and describe an intelligence question (of your choice) that drives each of these matrices. Remember what you learned early on in this class: clarity in the intelligence question is the most important element of collection planning.

Your grade will be based on the following rubric and I recommend you make a check list to be sure you have:

1) the primary intelligence question or requirement identified (in two separate strategic and tactical matrices),

2) you’ve listed your sub-questions or component information requirements(PIRs/EEIs),

3) listing of targets of collection, and tie the targets to the PIRs,

5) identify what collection mechanisms you will recommend for each target, and

6) provide an estimate of the expected effectiveness of the collection to successfully collect the information needed

(NOTE: a project that is does not pursue the purpose of this assignment–intelligence collection planning–will be considered “off-topic” and zero points granted)

Each matrix should not extend beyond one page (which means that your midterm will not be longer than 2 pages). This means you need to make a judgment about what targets you want to include on your matrix (some are probably not worthy of much consideration).

You should also, on a scale of 1-10, rate the effectiveness of that particular target-collection method combination (this evaluation will be relative and not perfect, but it is important to get a grasp on effectiveness of certain target-collection combinations.

You are welcome to display your matrix in any graphical fashion that you like. Any creativity you bring to this assignment in your layout should be there to help you make your point. Be sure to label your columns and rows clearly. You are welcome to use font size 8 in the matrix in order to include additional description or you run short on space.

This assignment is due at the end of Week 4 (27 December). Do not delay. I think you’ll have fun with this assignment but you might end up doing a little research on the intelligence question you choose and you’ll probably spend some time organizing the ideas so that you clearly communicate what you intend.

– – – – – – –

Some students, after completing this midterm confess confusion and vagueness about this assignment. Please understand that this assignment is designed as it is for a reason…not by accident. So to help you better understand what you are doing and why I offer this explanation of how this assignment will help you as students in this program and beyond:

This is often perceived as a difficult assignment for some students. First, many students have a military enlisted background and have extended time in schoolhouses. They are given templates and formats and job tasks and asked to complete them. For those not in the military they do not have experience with intelligence job tasks, and especially collection tasks. Regardless of your background there is something important to be learned in this assignment.

In this assignment I don’t want the students doing a fill-in-the-blank midterm. The design was intended to accomplish two things: 1) find out if a student knows what the components of a collection plan are and how they relate to each other (from the intelligence question to the PIR, the target, and the collection method). In real life we would actually list a collection platform, but that tends to make the collection plans classified. For this reason we stop at listing the “type” of collection (MASINT, FISINT, etc.), and 2) is to ask that the students toss out doctrinal training, and fill-in-the-blanks, and see if they can creatively “see” the connections and then assemble (communicate) a moderately complex plan in a chart. This requires creativity and asks the students to exercise that portion of their intellect that is so important in intelligence, creativity and imagination, and do so with sound logic.

 

I do understand the concern that some students present about vagueness or lack of direction. The students may not like the vagueness but it stretches and challenges them to go beyond being an automaton–to become creative and imaginative critical thinkers. If there is one trait that needs to be improved in our IC it is creativity and imagination. The 9/11 committees, reports, and commissions came to the same conclusion. This is one of the MAJOR failings of the IC in the pre-9/11 years. We need to develop and inspire creativity and imagination. So that is why this midterm is designed the way it is designed. The students are given the flexibility to address the problem, with minimum guidance and intended vagueness.

 

INTL304 – Week 5:  2nd Progress Assignment (due 4 January)

Assignment Instructions:

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) What are the three “facts” related to the nature of objects that makes the basis for radiometric sensing?

2) Spectral signatures may include what 4 different types of matter/energy interaction?

3) Describe the operation of a radar.

4) What is the difference between operational use and intelligence use of radar data?

5) Why is synthetic aperture radar one of the most powerful tools in intelligence collection?

 

6) What is the difference between COMINT and ELINT components of SIGINT?

 

INTL304 – Week 8:  3rd Progress Assignment (due 25 January)

Assignment Instructions

Answer each of the following questions in 100 words or less. This progress assignment is intended to assess your knowledge and progress following the readings.

1) Describe and give an example of materials sampling intelligence collection

2) Describe and give an example of materials acquisition intelligence collection

3) What technical collection is necessary to identify the origin (not the location) of a detonated nuclear weapon?

4) Biometric sensors collect information on what (list at least five)?

5) Describe the limitations of non-EM sensors

 

6) Discuss the environment and purpose of employment of acoustic sensors.

 

FINAL PROJECT TO BE ANNOUNCED AT A LATER DATE

 

ALL RESOURCES FOR ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE SUBMITTED SEPRERATELY

 

TOTAL = $455

Discuss the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Indicate the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy.

Assignment 1: Historical Perspective

 

Due Week 3 and worth 150 points

 

 

 

The purpose of this assignment is to introduce students to a particular policy issue that has been discussed on two (2) presidential administrations; when the policy began, its impact over various sectors, and his effectiveness over time.

 

Pick one (1) similar federal policy that was discussed over a span of two (2) different administrations. For example, President Clinton’s and Obama’s healthcare policies or President’s George H.W. Bush’s and George W. Bush’s foreign policy.

 

 

 

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

 

  1. Discuss the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Indicate the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy.
  2. Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented.
  3. Critique the policy for its effectiveness of the time.
  4. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other Websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as peer-reviewed.

 

Your assignment must:

 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 

 

 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

 

  • Analyze how historical trends and conditions have affected social, political, and management theories, and how they have influenced the evolution of public administration in theory and practice.
  • Analyze the current trends in the approach to public policy and administration.
  • Interpret what public policy is and how it is created.
  • Explain how environmental factors (structural, political, economic, demographic) influence the development of public policy.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues and in politics, policy, and ethics in the public sector.
  • Write clearly and concisely about policy for issues in politics, policy, and ethics in the public sector using proper writing mechanics

Analyze the current trends in the approach to public policy and administration.

Assignment 1: Historical Perspective

 

Due Week 3 and worth 150 points

 

 

 

The purpose of this assignment is to introduce students to a particular policy issue that has been discussed on two (2) presidential administrations; when the policy began, its impact over various sectors, and his effectiveness over time.

 

Pick one (1) similar federal policy that was discussed over a span of two (2) different administrations. For example, President Clinton’s and Obama’s healthcare policies or President’s George H.W. Bush’s and George W. Bush’s foreign policy.

 

 

 

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

 

  1. Discuss the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Indicate the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy.
  2. Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented.
  3. Critique the policy for its effectiveness of the time.
  4. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other Websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as peer-reviewed.

 

Your assignment must:

 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 

 

 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

 

  • Analyze how historical trends and conditions have affected social, political, and management theories, and how they have influenced the evolution of public administration in theory and practice.
  • Analyze the current trends in the approach to public policy and administration.
  • Interpret what public policy is and how it is created.
  • Explain how environmental factors (structural, political, economic, demographic) influence the development of public policy.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues and in politics, policy, and ethics in the public sector.
  • Write clearly and concisely about policy for issues in politics, policy, and ethics in the public sector using proper writing mechanics

Use scholarly sources to support the current debate between the White House and Congress regarding what measures are necessary to address spending and revenues (e.g., news reports, official statements, press conferences, as well as numerous government websites).

Efforts to Reduce the Budget Deficit
The rapid growth of the national debt alarmed some politicians and created pressure for restricting Congress’s unlimited ability to spend. After reviewing Chapter 10, Section 10.2: Efforts to Reduce the Deficit, discuss the actions taken by Congress since 1985 to reduce the budget deficits.

Use scholarly sources to support the current debate between the White House and Congress regarding what measures are necessary to address spending and revenues (e.g., news reports, official statements, press conferences, as well as numerous government websites).

Write a two- to three-page paper (not including title and reference pages), using at least three scholarly sources, not including the textbook, and must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in your approved style guide.

Suggested references:

Ashford University Online Library (follow the Library link within the tool bar on the left).
Congressional Budget Office: www.cbo.gov.
Internal Revenue Service: www.irs.gov.
The Executive Office of the President: www.whitehouse.gov.

The Paper:

  1. Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length and formatted according to APA style as outlined in your approved style guide.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must include an introductory paragraph with a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must conclude with a restatement of the thesis and a conclusion paragraph.
  6. Must use at least three scholarly sources, including the textbook.   One reference must come from the Ashford University Library.
  7. Must use APA style as outlined in your approved style guide to document all sources.
  8. Must include, on the final page, a reference List that is completed according to APA style as outlined in your approved style guide.

 

Describe Efforts to Reduce the Budget Deficit

Efforts to Reduce the Budget Deficit
The rapid growth of the national debt alarmed some politicians and created pressure for restricting Congress’s unlimited ability to spend. After reviewing Chapter 10, Section 10.2: Efforts to Reduce the Deficit, discuss the actions taken by Congress since 1985 to reduce the budget deficits.

Use scholarly sources to support the current debate between the White House and Congress regarding what measures are necessary to address spending and revenues (e.g., news reports, official statements, press conferences, as well as numerous government websites).

Write a two- to three-page paper (not including title and reference pages), using at least three scholarly sources, not including the textbook, and must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in your approved style guide.

Suggested references:

Ashford University Online Library (follow the Library link within the tool bar on the left).
Congressional Budget Office: www.cbo.gov.
Internal Revenue Service: www.irs.gov.
The Executive Office of the President: www.whitehouse.gov.

The Paper:

  1. Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length and formatted according to APA style as outlined in your approved style guide.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must include an introductory paragraph with a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must conclude with a restatement of the thesis and a conclusion paragraph.
  6. Must use at least three scholarly sources, including the textbook.   One reference must come from the Ashford University Library.
  7. Must use APA style as outlined in your approved style guide to document all sources.
  8. Must include, on the final page, a reference List that is completed according to APA style as outlined in your approved style guide.

 

In a situation like this, why might state employment levels go up, even when federal activity might be going down? Provide at least one (1) reason with support.

 

 

Directions:Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double-spaced in length; refer to the “Assignment Format” located in the Introduction of this learning guide for specific format requirements.

 

Part A

 

Step 1: Complete the online activity.

 

Go through all the pages of the activity on the website below carefully.

 

Federalism and Regulations

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/pcp/pls_coco_2/american_government/assignments/0558594131/activities/Player/vl.federalismregulations.html

 

Step 2Write a paper summarizing your responses to the questions.

 

In a concisely written paper, respond to the following questions:

 

  1. What do you think would happen to state employment if the federal government decided that, rather than passing laws and making states carry them out, it would simply give the states responsibility for a major social program such as welfare? Provide at least two (2) examples of what might happen in this situation.

 

  1. In a situation like this, why might state employment levels go up, even when federal activity might be going down? Provide at least one (1) reason with support.

 

  1. Do federal grants represent an appropriate percentage of the total federal budget and gross domestic product (GDP)? Explain, providing at least one (1) supporting fact.

Part B

 

Step 1Complete the online activity.

 

Go through all the pages of the activity on the website below carefully.

 

What Speech Is Protected by the Constitution? – http://media.pearsoncmg.com/pcp/pls_coco_2/american_government/assignments/0558594131/activities/Player/vl.whatspeechprotectedbyconst.html

 

Step 2Write a paper summarizing your responses to the questions.

 

In a concisely written paper, respond to the following questions:

 

  1. Describe two (2) circumstances under which speech might legitimately be suppressed. Provide one (1) original example for each circumstance.

 

  1. Do some types of speech deserve more constitutional protection than others? If so, describe one (1) type that deserves the most protection and one (1) type that deserves the least.

 

  1. Describe two (2) advantages and two (2) disadvantages of a free, uncensored flow of information and images.