analyze two (2) major pressures that a public administrator faces from shareholders, customers, stakeholders, and employees.

“Bringing Reform in a Highly Centralized Organization” Please respond to the following:

·         From the weekly readings and first e-Activity, analyze two (2) major pressures that a public administrator faces from shareholders, customers, stakeholders, and employees. Propose two to three (2-3) key actions that public administrators can take in order to maintain a leadership style in the face of such pressures. Justify your response.

·         From the weekly readings and second e-Activity, compare the U.S. health system that you have researched to the centralized healthcare in European health systems. Propose two (2) actions that both health systems could take in order to make each structure more cost effective and operationally efficient. Provide a rationale for your response

E activity:

·         Read the following articles located in Week 4 of the course shell and be prepared to discuss:

o    “Leading in The Shared-Power World of 2020

o    “Leading to Make a Difference: A Field Experiment on the Performance Effects of Transformational Leadership, Perceived Social Impact, and Public Service Motivation

o    “Symposium Conclusion: Future Research on the Dimensions of Collaboration

·         Use the Internet to research a large independent health system within the U.S. that utilizes a combination of centralized and decentralized leadership operational approaches (e.g., Kaiser, etc.). Next, use the Internet to research centralized healthcare in European health systems. Be prepared to discuss.

Reading:

Professional Ethics in Public Service

The question of ethics and public confidence is not a new one. In 1952 Adlai Stevenson, governor of Illinois said, “Public confidence in the integrity of the government is in-dispensable to faith in democracy, and when we lose faith in the system, we lose faith in everything we fight and spend for.”

Ethics, the standards of behavior that tell us what we ought to do in our personal and professional lives, applies to all individuals, organizations, and society as a whole. High ethical standards are especially important in the public sector because they are key to credibility and lead to increased support for government agencies and political leaders.

Creating a culture of ethics in an organization can best be accomplished with the adoption of a values-based code of ethics. The ideal time to undertake the effort is when the individuals and the organization are unanimous in their commitment. Ethics codes cannot serve as a “flu shot” to prevent a problem, nor can the codes be used as an “antibiotic” to cure an ethics problem. Once established, the code must apply to everyone including elected and appointed officials, professional staff, and commissioners, as well as volunteers, vendors, and contractors.

Case study

A major goal of an ethics program is to increase awareness of ethics and values in the workplace. An example of creating a culture of ethics can be found in the development of a code of ethics and values undertaken by the city of Santa Clara, Calif.

Once the city council endorsed the concept, a committee of stakeholders worked to develop a list of 70 values. They then consulted with groups from all sectors of the city to determine those values they considered critical as standards of conduct. These became the foundation for the code, which was adopted and has been implemented across city government.

The simple adoption of a code will not ensure success. There are five keys to building an ethical organization:

1. Leadership: Public policy makers and top administrators call for ethics as a priority and demonstrate that in word and deed.

2. Commitment: All involved make the time, budget the money, plan the program.

3. Collaboration: All the stakeholders work to develop consensus and design the program.

4. Implementation: The program includes a strategy for making ethics an integral part of the organization.

5. Reflection and Renewal: Ongoing assessment includes annual re-adoption of the code and exploration of ways to communicate to new employees, vendors, residents, and members of the media.

Describe Professional Ethics in Public Service

“Bringing Reform in a Highly Centralized Organization” Please respond to the following:

·         From the weekly readings and first e-Activity, analyze two (2) major pressures that a public administrator faces from shareholders, customers, stakeholders, and employees. Propose two to three (2-3) key actions that public administrators can take in order to maintain a leadership style in the face of such pressures. Justify your response.

·         From the weekly readings and second e-Activity, compare the U.S. health system that you have researched to the centralized healthcare in European health systems. Propose two (2) actions that both health systems could take in order to make each structure more cost effective and operationally efficient. Provide a rationale for your response

E activity:

·         Read the following articles located in Week 4 of the course shell and be prepared to discuss:

o    “Leading in The Shared-Power World of 2020

o    “Leading to Make a Difference: A Field Experiment on the Performance Effects of Transformational Leadership, Perceived Social Impact, and Public Service Motivation

o    “Symposium Conclusion: Future Research on the Dimensions of Collaboration

·         Use the Internet to research a large independent health system within the U.S. that utilizes a combination of centralized and decentralized leadership operational approaches (e.g., Kaiser, etc.). Next, use the Internet to research centralized healthcare in European health systems. Be prepared to discuss.

Reading:

Professional Ethics in Public Service

The question of ethics and public confidence is not a new one. In 1952 Adlai Stevenson, governor of Illinois said, “Public confidence in the integrity of the government is in-dispensable to faith in democracy, and when we lose faith in the system, we lose faith in everything we fight and spend for.”

Ethics, the standards of behavior that tell us what we ought to do in our personal and professional lives, applies to all individuals, organizations, and society as a whole. High ethical standards are especially important in the public sector because they are key to credibility and lead to increased support for government agencies and political leaders.

Creating a culture of ethics in an organization can best be accomplished with the adoption of a values-based code of ethics. The ideal time to undertake the effort is when the individuals and the organization are unanimous in their commitment. Ethics codes cannot serve as a “flu shot” to prevent a problem, nor can the codes be used as an “antibiotic” to cure an ethics problem. Once established, the code must apply to everyone including elected and appointed officials, professional staff, and commissioners, as well as volunteers, vendors, and contractors.

Case study

A major goal of an ethics program is to increase awareness of ethics and values in the workplace. An example of creating a culture of ethics can be found in the development of a code of ethics and values undertaken by the city of Santa Clara, Calif.

Once the city council endorsed the concept, a committee of stakeholders worked to develop a list of 70 values. They then consulted with groups from all sectors of the city to determine those values they considered critical as standards of conduct. These became the foundation for the code, which was adopted and has been implemented across city government.

The simple adoption of a code will not ensure success. There are five keys to building an ethical organization:

1. Leadership: Public policy makers and top administrators call for ethics as a priority and demonstrate that in word and deed.

2. Commitment: All involved make the time, budget the money, plan the program.

3. Collaboration: All the stakeholders work to develop consensus and design the program.

4. Implementation: The program includes a strategy for making ethics an integral part of the organization.

5. Reflection and Renewal: Ongoing assessment includes annual re-adoption of the code and exploration of ways to communicate to new employees, vendors, residents, and members of the media.

Write clearly and concisely about issues in public leadership and conflict resolution using proper writing mechanics.

For all assignments, assume that the City Manager has hired you as the Chief of Staff for your local government. The City Manager has tasked you with developing and implementing the government’s new million dollar grant funded Public Leadership Academy. The mission of the Public Leadership Academy is to provide ongoing training and development of the local government’s current and prospective public leaders. This program was developed in an effort to build and sustain world class public leadership that exemplifies exceptional leadership traits and skills, while fostering long-term relationships internal and external stakeholders and constituents. In the upcoming weeks, you will deliver your first presentation to the government’s local councilpersons, in which you address the type of public leadership model(s) that is both needed within the local government for its public leaders and required to fulfil the mission of the Public Leadership Academy.

After careful review and analysis of the steps needed to meet your goal, your first assignment is to revisit the theories and styles of leadership. You will examine the theories and styles that support the role of the public leader.

You may use the Internet and / or Strayer databases to complete any additional research.

Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment.

Use the basic outline below to draft your paper. Organize your responses to each question (except Question 4) under the following section headings:

Defining The Public Leader (for Question 1)

Leadership Theories (for Question 2)

Leadership Styles (for Question 3)

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

Determine two (2) leadership theories and two (2) leadership styles that support the definition of a public leader. Provide a rationale for your response.

Assess the effectiveness of the two (2) leadership theories from Question 1. Provide two (2) examples for each leadership theory.

Assess the effectiveness of the two (2) leadership styles from Question 1. Provide two (2) examples for each leadership style.

Include at least five (5) academic references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate academic resources include academic and governmental Websites, scholarly texts, and peer-reviewed articles. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Evaluate the theories and models of public leadership.

Differentiate among the styles of public leadership.

Use technology and information resources to research issues in public leadership and conflict resolution.

Write clearly and concisely about issues in public leadership and conflict resolution using proper writing mechanics.

Should the U.S. maintain the current Electoral College system, move toward a national popular vote system, or use the “proportional voting” system for the Electoral College used by Maine and Nebraska?

Electoral College

As your readings for this week point out, the President is not elected by a direct vote of the people but rather by the Electoral College.  Some argue that this discourages voters from voting if they live in a state that goes for Democrats or Republicans in every election.  Voter turnout in “battleground” or “swing” states such as Florida, Virginia, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania does tend to be higher but there are also reasons for this system.

For this assignment answer the following questions in 3 paragraphs:

  1. How are the numbers of electoral votes decided for each state?  How many electoral votes are in your home state?  Which Presidential candidate (Obama or Romney) won your state’s electoral votes in the 2012 election?
  2. Briefly explain the “pros and cons” of the electoral system. Why do we have the electoral system?  What are some arguments against it?
  3. In a few sentences, explain what you think.  Should the U.S. maintain the current Electoral College system, move toward a national popular vote system, or use the “proportional voting” system for the Electoral College used by Maine and Nebraska?

You may not use websites such as “ask.com” or “wiki answers” in your writing assignment.  There are lots of great resources, such as these listed below that provide you with information to answer these questions.

 

Be sure to use a source information for all research at the bottom of your assignment.

use the group profile to conduct an analysis of one or more U.S. homeland security policies studied in module 2, to assess the ability of the policy or policies to counter the threat posed by the group profiled.

The term paper consists of two parts. Part 1 – select a domestic or international terrorist organization that threatens the U.S. homeland and complete a profile of that organization. The group profile should be approximately 50 percent of the final paper and must include a discussion of the group’s ideology, targeting, tactics, capability, and overall goals, analysis of attacks, and any statements or propaganda released by the group. Make sure you have enough information on the group to address all these factors and how it affects the US homeland.

 

Part 2 – use the group profile to conduct an analysis of one or more U.S. homeland security policies studied in module 2, to assess the ability of the policy or policies to counter the threat posed by the group profiled. This analysis should begin with an introduction and explanation of the policy, followed by an analysis addressing the breadth of the information(from part 1) gathered on that terrorist group. The policy you analyze should be consistent with the group; for example, if you choose a domestic terrorist group, it would be improper to analyze the Secure Border Initiative and its ability to counter a domestic threat, because the members of the group are already within the nation’s borders. If you find the policy deficient, make specific recommendations for policy change to counter the threat. If you deem the policy sufficient to counter the threat, explain the rationale for your conclusion.

Your finished project, including both elements of the paper, should be approximately 12 to 14 double-spaced pages, not including the cover or reference pages but including the abstract, submitted as one document

Constitutional Responsibility. Are Americans participating adequately in our democratic system? Do citizens have the social capital and understanding of our governmental processes to be heard and to make decisions? Discuss

Assignment: 3-5 pages, double spaced, 1” margins, must be typed

In this paper it is expected that each student will take a topic or issue that we discussed in class and incorporate it in a well-designed and coherent paper that answers one of the ten questions.

 

E.g.: I strongly feel that politics play(ed) a crucial role in the development of democratic societies. As pointed out in class, political theory suggests….

 

While there is no correct or exact answer to the question, each student should organize his/her OWN thoughts in a logical manner. There is no need to do extensive research as this is an opinion paper.

 

An A paper will be organized and written on college level. It will coherently incorporate a pertinent topic or issue. It will also contain three (3) or less typing errors.

 

It is expected that each student will submit the paper no later than July 25, 2014 at 5:00 P.M.

No exceptions. No late papers will be accepted.

Answer One of the Following Ten Questions:

1) All Men are Created Equal. What kinds of equality are and should be protected by the Constitution? By what means?

2) Government Distrust. In light of the uncertain political climate, do you think that American people have a distrust of government and/or politicians? Why or why not?

3) Federalism. Does the Constitution provide an effective and realistic balance between state & national governments? How so?

4) Checks & Balances.  Does the constitutional separation of powers between the President & Congress lead too often to gridlock and stalemate?

5) Minority Rights. Does the Constitution adequately protect the rights of women, African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, people who lead an alternative lifestyle or other minority groups? Why or why not?

6) Suspect Rights. Can representative government uphold the rights of the criminally accused and yet protect its citizens?

7) Individual Liberties. Are individual liberties adequately protected in the Constitution? Does big government & big business diminish the freedom of the individual?

8) Judicial Branch. Is it too powerful? Are federal courts exceeding their proper powers as the interpreter of the Constitution?

9) War and Peace. Do you think that the US is the supreme Superpower in the world? If so, what are its responsibilities to the rest of the world? If not, who do you think is the supreme Superpower? Why?

10) Constitutional Responsibility. Are Americans participating adequately in our democratic system? Do citizens have the social capital and understanding of our governmental processes to be heard and to make decisions?

identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government)

The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the US to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism (e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment?).

 

Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority. It must be a policy area other than education (the focus of Discussion One in Week Two). Some examples include: federal health care policy (e.g., Obamacare, Medicaid–not Medicare); federal transportation policy (e.g., federal transportation subsidies); federal highway policy (e.g., federal rules about the minimum drinking age, speed limits, or safety); federal urban planning and renewal policy; federal poverty, welfare and unemployment policies; national security policies that intersect/conflict with local police power; and federal disaster planning and relief. These are only examples. The policy area that you select must have a significant federalism component that requires national, state, and local interaction. It should also involve issues with a strong potential for tension or conflict among different levels of government.

 

Research and write an essay on a specific policy in the area that you select. (Note: The word “policy” is used interchangeably with the word “program.”) Your essay must:

a. Clearly identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government), and summarize the elements of the policy, including the problem it is supposed to solve or improve.

b.            Summarize the history of the policy. In your summary, explain how the policy raises issues of federalism.

c. Analyze the main pros and cons in debates about the policy.

d.            Evaluate the pros and cons from two perspectives:

◦                     The policy’s effectiveness. In your evaluation, clearly explain your definition of effectiveness and how it should be measured or determined.

◦                     The policy’s consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. In your evaluation, clearly explain your interpretation of American federalism’s constitutional framework and why the federal policy is or is not consistent with it.

Follow these requirements when writing the short essay:

a. The body of the essay (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 750 words long.

b.            The essay must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.

c. The essay must end with a short paragraph which includes a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.

d.            The essay must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts or assertions, and persuasive reasoning.

e. The essay must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of the various pros and cons about the policy).

f.  Your essay must cite at least one academic article found in the Ashford Online Library and at least three other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites).

g.            Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your essay.

h. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.

i.  When you express someone else’s ideas, arguments, or facts in your own words, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.

j.  The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.

 

The essay must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Infer a theory why the U.S. has only two major political parties.

Assignment 2: Political Parties and the Electoral Process

Due Week 10 and worth 225 points

IMPORTANT NOTICE: WRITE MINUMUM 4 SENTENCES FOR EACH PARAPGRAPH. PROVIDE ORGINAL WORK. WRITE THEM ON YOUR OWN WORDS.  GONNA USE TURNITIN TO CHECK PLAGARISIM. TYPE EACH QUESTION BEFORE ANSWER THEM.

 

 

Write 4 page paper on the relationship between political parties and the electoral process in which you:

  1. Identify three to four (3-4) ideological differences between America’s two (2) major political parties.
  2. Analyzekey reasons why third parties have never been successful at the presidential level.
  3. Determine the role of the campaign process in maintaining the two-party system. Use examples to support your response.
  4. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites to not qualify as academic resources.

 

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are to:

 

  • Infer a theory why the U.S. has only two major political parties.
  • Develop reasoned written and spoken presentations on issues and questions involving the U.S. government and national political processes using information in the course.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in the field of U.S. government and politics.
  • Write clearly and concisely about U.S. government and politics using proper writing mechanics.