Discuss the benefits, challenges and tradeoffs of pay-for-performance, or merit pay

) Discuss the benefits, challenges and tradeoffs of pay-for-performance, or merit pay. How would a pay-for-performance policy support the organization’s strategic goals? What factors should be considered in evaluating the effectiveness of this practice?

b) Select three methods for conducting an evaluation of an employee’s performance and discuss the advantages and disadvantages for each method. Discuss what level of employee (management, administrative, clerical, laborer, etc.) you would use each method to evaluate.

Reference

Heathfield (2019). Performance Management Process Checklist

Heathfield (2019). Why Employee Performance Appraisal Does Not Work 

Lumen Learning (nd). Designing a High Performance Work System Retrieved from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/principlesmanagement/chapter/16-6-designing-a-high-performance-wo

Heathfield (2019). The 5 Goals of Employee Performance Evaluation

Bacal (nd) “A Performance Management Bias and Error Glossary” (HTML) The Performance Management and Appraisal Resource Center : Retrieved from http://performance-appraisals.org/Bacalsappraisalarticles/articles/bias.htm (Very brief definition of terms that affect performance management)

Heathfield (2020).  4 Common Problems with Performance Appraisals

Lumen Learning (nd). Performance Appraisals  Retrieved from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/wmintrobusiness/chapter/reading-performance-appraisals/

Performance and Rewards

Heathfield (2020).  The Advantages and Disadvantages of Merit Pay

Petersen (2019). Advantages and Disadvantages of Pay-for-Performance Policies

HR Basics: Performance and Rewards

Discuss The Role Of Personality And Values In Human Services Practice

Your personality is a constellation of traits that influence how you think, feel, and behave. For this Journal Assignment, you complete a personality assessment based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types. The assessment will provide your scores on four different dichotomies (Kaler, 2007, pp. 676–677):

  • Extroversion/introversion: Degree to which you focus on and draw energy from the external world (e.g., people and things) or the internal world (e.g., ideas and concepts).
  • Sensing/intuition: Degree to which you focus on concrete information gained from the five senses or abstract information gained from perception.
  • Thinking/feeling: Degree to which you base your decisions on rationality and objectivity or values and maintaining harmony.
  • Judging/perceiving: Degree to which you prefer resolution or open-ended situations.

You then use the results of the assessment to draw conclusions about which of your personality traits would be particularly useful in a given human services role and which could pose some challenges. You also compare your values to the values associated with the practice of human services.

Reference:
Kaler, M. E. (2007). Myers-Briggs type indicator. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.) Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics (pp. 676–677). SAGE.

To Prepare

  • Review your Course Announcements for possible information related to this week’s Assignment.
  • Complete the personality assessment, located in this week’s Learning Resources, and review your results.
  • Given what you have learned about various advanced human services professional practitioner roles in previous weeks, identify which of your personality traits might be particularly useful for a given role and which might pose some challenges for a given role.
  • Review the Learning Resources on human services values. Compare your values with human services values, identify instances where your values conflict with human services values, and consider how you would resolve the conflict.

Submit a 2- to 3-page journal entry that addresses the following:

  • Given that advanced human services professional practitioners often work in leadership roles, describe one of your personality traits that would be particularly useful in a leadership role and one that might pose some challenges in a leadership role and explain why. Then, explain what steps you would take to address the challenges. Be specific.
  • Consider the other roles addressed in this course (i.e., planner, humanitarian, outreach worker, advanced case manager, and advocate). Describe one of your personality traits that would be particularly useful in one of those roles and one that might pose some challenges in one of those roles and explain why. Then, explain what steps you would take to address the challenges. Be specific.
  • Compare your personal values to the values associated with the practice of human services. Are there instances where your personal values conflict with the human services values? If so, how might you resolve the conflict?

Review and define the five steps of strategic planning depicted

Overview

Your company has had embedded HR generalists in business units for the past several years. Over that time, it has become more costly and more difficult to maintain standards, and is a frustration for business units to have that budget “hit.” The leadership has decided to move to a more centralized model of delivering HR services and has asked you to evaluate that proposition and begin establishing a project team to initiate the needed changes. The project team is selected, and you must now provide a general direction.

Instructions

Write a 5–6 page paper in which you:

  1. Review and define the five steps of strategic planning depicted in Exhibit 2-1 in the textbook on page 34. Based on the information, provide a statement of the overall importance of these steps to your project team.
  2. Develop a vision and mission statement for the project team specific to the current project. Hint: It is highly recommended to follow the guidance offered in the textbook about vision and mission statements.
  3. Explain to the project team what a project charter is and why it is used.
  4. Review Exhibit 3.3 in the textbook and select any three charter elements you feel are more important and explain why.
  5. Provide a statement of emphasis to your project team based on the information you provided in the previous three sections of the paper requirements.
    • The goal is to ensure your team understands the importance of the information.
    • Use three sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate

Discuss the strategies an organization can take to survive, improve its performance, and compete with other hospitals over the next 5 years

Part1:::::

ABC Hospital is a small, privately-owned community hospital. It has been struggling to survive financially, as reimbursement rates have declined and consumers are being drawn to the larger state-of-the-art hospital facilities in urban areas that are perceived to have better quality. ABC Hospital was built in 1960 and has been operating in the same manner for many decades. The hospital meets legal and regulatory requirements but has not kept pace with some of the newer technologies and patient conveniences becoming more prevalent in the health care industry.

Write a 175- to 265-word response to the following:

  • What strategies can the organization take to survive, improve its performance, and compete with other hospitals over the next 5 years?
  • What are some advantages or disadvantages of these strategies?

PART2:::::

Respond to 2 classmates

A.

It definitely sounds like ABC Hospital is in bad shape. One strategy to help revive the hospital is spending money on up to date equipment. As stated, patients are going to more state of the art type facilities. Even though they’re struggling financially, sometimes it costs more to make more. Invest in newer equipment. It will improve patient care and attract more patients. Also, invest in marketing. Running ads on the facility will attract patients because they’re constantly seeing it through marketing different marketing techniques. The leadership team also needs to look into ways to cut costs. The disadvantage to this is that could mean someone getting fired. If a position isn’t needed then get rid of it. Also, cutting hours may help. If it’s not necessary for instance to keep an employee on full days then reduce the time. Creating remote positions may also help. If less office space is used and employees can still be effective with their work, then less resources can be used in the office such as utilities and the computers.

B.

There are many strategies that this hospital can do to improve its performance level and to compete with other hospitals. Since this hospital has been apart of this it’s community for several decades it should have a firm understanding of the community that they serve. With this understanding it should allow them to pinpoint what this community needs and place focus on those areas. While the focus is on what there community needs they should make an investment or lean toward making an investment that would aid to the community that they serve. Also this hospital should consider analyzing any problem areas. By focusing on what is needed by the communities needs will help them gain more patients and focusing on problem areas will allow them to recognize areas of cost that need to be cut. However, having advanced technology provides the other hospitals with an advantage. Technology is used as a help hand or tool to strengthen the performance and process of the workload. With this advantage it allows the opposing hospitals to work quickly and more accurate.

How do you know when your organization has institutionalized innovation?

 The final presentation (5-page essay and accompanying power point) should be a description of an institutional change, and innovation, or entrepreneurial endeavor you wish to initiate.
You will analyze the setting, and describe the internal and external dynamics that will make the change more difficult, identify the assets (human, financial, technological, etc.) available or needed, and how to secure assets that are needed but not available. Briefly describe how you diagnosed the change, the leadership change theory(ies) that applied, your personal and organizational readiness for change, and set forth a strategy for getting the organization from where it is to where you believe it needs to be and how to sustain change. Use data to support your observations, claims, and recommendations.

  • How do you know when your organization has institutionalized innovation?
  • How can you facilitate (your) organizational movement toward innovation sustainability?  Include ethical considerations.
  • The process you describe should reflect the principles you have learned in the class.

Use a minimum of five sources of evidence taken from the course readings. You may also bring in outside, relevant scholarly sources, and weave citation(s) throughout the essay, using 7th edition form and style. The primary textbook should be one source. Prepare 10 slides of content- power point that serves as your presentation of this paper. You are the Agent of Change in your organization. You have an opportunity to present the findings to your organization’s members.  Notes on the slides are not required. Outline of Presentation:

  1. Title Slide
  2. Introduction Paragraph Slide
  3. Content Slides 10 slides-Use Graphics. Do not place heavy text on the slides. Place citations on the slides.  The accompanying essay will cover the content in more detail. There is no need to add notes (please do not do so).
  4. Conclusion Slide
  5. References Slide
  6. Academic Integrity Statement Slide-take verbiage from the Academic Integrity Page.

Distinguish between global, expatriates, local nationals, and third country nationals

  • Distinguish between global, expatriates, local nationals, and third country nationals
  • It is probably true that, if given a choice, unions would prefer to implement a skill based pay system than some form of gain sharing plan. Why?
  • If merit pay is supposed to increase individual equity and unions are very concerned about equity, why do unions frequently oppose merit pay for their membership?
  • Distinguish between global, expatriates, local nationals, and third country nationals. Select one and provide an example when it would be appropriate to use that type of resource and why.
  • Do you believe unions are a benefit to the overall wage increase to employees?  Take a position and provide support for that position.
  • Students, pretend you are the HR Director and your union leadership sends you the following message.  What is your response? Copy and paste URL to hear message https://use.vg/0OPhWS

How do you know when your organization has institutionalized innovation?

The final presentation (5-page essay and accompanying power point) should be a description of an institutional change, and innovation, or entrepreneurial endeavor you wish to initiate.
You will analyze the setting, and describe the internal and external dynamics that will make the change more difficult, identify the assets (human, financial, technological, etc.) available or needed, and how to secure assets that are needed but not available. Briefly describe how you diagnosed the change, the leadership change theory(ies) that applied, your personal and organizational readiness for change, and set forth a strategy for getting the organization from where it is to where you believe it needs to be and how to sustain change. Use data to support your observations, claims, and recommendations.

  • How do you know when your organization has institutionalized innovation?
  • How can you facilitate (your) organizational movement toward innovation sustainability?  Include ethical considerations.
  • The process you describe should reflect the principles you have learned in the class.

Use a minimum of five sources of evidence taken from the course readings. You may also bring in outside, relevant scholarly sources, and weave citation(s) throughout the essay, using 7th edition form and style. The primary textbook should be one source. Prepare 10 slides of content- power point that serves as your presentation of this paper. You are the Agent of Change in your organization. You have an opportunity to present the findings to your organization’s members.  Notes on the slides are not required. Outline of Presentation:

  1. Title Slide
  2. Introduction Paragraph Slide
  3. Content Slides 10 slides-Use Graphics. Do not place heavy text on the slides. Place citations on the slides.  The accompanying essay will cover the content in more detail. There is no need to add notes (please do not do so).
  4. Conclusion Slide
  5. References Slide
  6. Academic Integrity Statement Slide-take verbiage from the Academic Integrity Page.

Explain why it is important to use an inter professional approach in treatment.

Steffanie lituco

  • Provide a full DSM-5 diagnosis of the client. Remember, a full diagnosis should include the name of the disorder, ICD-10-CM code, specifiers, severity, and the Z codes (other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention). Keep in mind a diagnosis covers the most recent 12 months:

F50.02 Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating/Purging Type, in partial remission

Z72.4 Inappropriate Diet and Eating Habits

Z60.0 Phase of Life Problem

Z62.820 Parent Child Relational Problem

  • Explain the diagnosis by matching the symptoms identified in the case to the specific criteria for the diagnosis:

Gina matches criteria for Anorexia Nervosa based on the following qualifying symptoms:

A- Not Present, as in scenario Gina’s doctor stated she was in weight range for Gina’s age.

B- Intense fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat.

C- Influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation

Bing-eating/purging type- within the last 3 months has engaged in self-induced vomiting.

In Partial Remission- Disturbances in self-perception of weight.

  • Recommend a specific evidence-based measurement instrument to validate the diagnosis and assess outcomes of treatment. 

Client self-report Patient Health Questionnaire that covers depression, anxiety, alcohol, somatoform and eating disorder. This assessment is high sensitivity and specificity and is a valid and reliable in assessing the severity of depressive symptoms. It requires the client to be able to read and understand the questions which Cornell displays capabilities of doing so. This scale can also quantitatively assess responses to treatment and can catch any reductions of symptoms.

  • Explain why it is important to use an interprofessional approach in treatment. Identify specific professionals you would recommend for the team and describe how you might best utilize or focus their services.

Some people can benefit from a stand-alone service and others will need to be treated for their physical, psychological, nutritional and functional aspects of their eating disorder. All four of the mentioned components in treatment have to work together in order to show progress in one area which will enable and support progress in the other areas. Some like Gina who has an eating disorder might need a multidisciplinary response to her immediate presenting health problem being the eating disorder. Inviting Gina’s doctor (who can talk through the signs and symptoms of the eating disorder), a nutritionist (who can provide general support to people with eating disorders in relation to nutrition education) and a psychologist (who can conduct assessments and conduct counseling for other problems like social problems) can all work collaboratively in assessment, treatment planning and treatment review to ensure safe treatment options.

  • Explain how you would use the client’s family to support recovery. Include specific behavioral examples.

I would assist the family by encouraging and creating exercises that would demonstrate drawing the family closer together and to re0affirm their love and support for Gina or anyone with an eating disorder. Since Gina mentioned that her parents only reactions to her situation with her boyfriend being “there’s plenty of fish in the sea”, involving them in treatment can help Gina overcome any other barriers and resentments in that relationship by letting them be involved in the treatment process.

  • Select and explain an evidence-based, focused treatment approach that you might use in your part of the overall treatment plan.

I am going to jump from usually using CBT, to utilizing IPT (Interpersonal psychotherapy) as it contextualized eating disorder symptoms as occurring and being maintained within a social and interpersonal context. IPT is associated with specific tasks and strategies linked to the resolution of a specified interpersonal problem area. IPT can help Gina and even her family improve relationships and communications and resolve interpersonal issues in identified problem areas.

  • Explain how culture and diversity influences these disorders. Consider how gender, age, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, and/or ethnicity/race affect the experience of living with an eating disorder.

There are cultures where they emphasis on being thin, especially if it linked to success. Across cultures there are different variations on the ideals of beaty as in some culture’s plumpness is considered more attractive and desirable. Attitudes and dynamics can contribute to the risk of a teen developing an eating disorder where they are focusing on high achievement, emphasis on being perfect, concerned about appearance, difficulty talking about or coping with negative emotions, worry about being accepted socially and or concerned about physical appearance.

Kimberly

F43.20 Adjustment Disorder Unspecified

F50.8 Other Specified Eating Disorder, Atypical Anorexia Nervosa

Z60.4 Social Exclusion or Rejection

Z91.5 Personal History of Self Harm

Gina is a 14-year-old white female who has experienced a breakup with her boyfriend after he decided to date her best friend.   She has been eating less which has caused weight loss and once Gina received compliments about her weight loss, she became focused on continuing to eat minimally.  She counts her food intake and plans at night what she will eat the next day to assure herself she will continue to lose weight.  Gina has topped eating family meals and also makes herself vomit if she believes she has eaten too much.  Gina denies there is a problem, denies depression and is still doing well in school.  Gina was seen by a doctor who stated she is thin but was not in abnormal range for weight.  However, her eating habits have caused her to have arguments with her parents, one of which she became very angry, screaming, and then cut her wrists.

The first place I considered for Gina’s mental health condition was the Decision Tree for Appetite Changes or Unusual Eating Behavior.  Following the boxes led me to consider Anorexia Nervosa as a diagnosis.  However, Gina did not meet criteria “A” because she does not have a low body weight.  She also does not meet criteria for Bulimia Nervosa, because she does not purposely eat larger than normal amounts of food.  The case notes states that she only makes herself vomit if she believes she has eaten more than she wanted.  Gina does not binge eat, only gets fearful she has eaten too much.  I then considered Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder.  It appeared to me that Gina met criteria for anorexia nervosa, except her weight is in normal limits.  The other criteria for anorexia nervosa Gina meets are criteria “B”, she has a fear of gaining weight with a persistent behavior to interfere with weight gain, and “C” she experiences undue self-evaluation regarding her body weight.  Therefore, her specifier is atypical anorexia nervosa.

Gina’s eating disorder did not appear out of the blue but was a reaction to a stressor in her life.  Gina met criteria “A” in that she developed symptoms within three months of the break-up.  She also met criteria “B” in that she has marked distress out of proportion to the severity of the stressor.  She also met criteria “C” in that her symptoms are not present due to a preexisting mental disorder.   Gina is not experiencing normal bereavement due to loss, so “D” is met.  I then had to pick a specifier keeping in mind that Gina is not having depressed mood, nor anxiety, nor a disturbance in emotions or conduct.  Therefore, I chose Unspecified because Gina’s reactions are not classifiable as one of the above subtypes.

I then considered the symptom of self-harm due to her cutting her wrists during an argument with her parents.  After reviewing the self-harm tree, I came to no conclusion, but the impulsivity tree led me to adjustment disorder, which I had already pinpointed.  I wanted to make sure the writs cutting was identified so I went to “Z” codes.  I chose history of self-harm due to this incident, but also came across social exclusion or rejection.  Gina’s whole experience started after her boyfriend broke up with her to be with her best friend, so she was rejected by both.

Importance of Using an Interprofessional Approach: Specific Professionals Recommended

The interprofessional approach is necessary when working with those who are experiencing symptoms of eating disorders.

It is important that the client and family is linking with a medical doctor to monitor physical health, a dietician to guide the client and family on nutrition, and the therapist/clinician to provide psychological interventions (Lewis & Nicholls, 2016).  If I were the clinician for Gina, I would have a consent for release of information obtained so that I, her medical doctor, and a dietician could keep close contact and work together on her treatment.   The doctor could possibly prescribe medication, the dietician would teach the importance of nutrients and a healthy diet, and I would provide appropriate psychological interventions.

Use the Client’s Family to Support Recovery: Specific Behavioral Examples

Gina should have individualized therapy to help her with coping skills, but it has also been proven important for a minors family to be involved in treatment in cases of Anorexia Nervosa (Lewis & Nicholls, 2016).  I have found an article that details family-based treatment (FBT) through adolescent anorexia nervosa.  The article recommends that families go through three stages.  In the first stage the clinician helps the parents develop a plan for restoring the adolescents health by taking over food and activity as well as being taught techniques to encourage their child to eat more.  This empowers the parents to take control and have family decision-making. In the second stage, when there is medical evidence of the child’s physical stabilization, the family gives appropriate control of food over to the adolescent and any other relationship issues are worked out in family therapy.  During the third stage, focus is on the impact the eating disorder has had on the family and recovery as a family unity (Bhatnagar, 2014).  I would choose to use this FBT as well as individualized therapy with Gina in addition to linkage with medical and dietician professionals.

Evidence-based, Focused Treatment Approach

As of 2015, the only evidence-based treatment proven to be effective for adolescents with anorexia nervosa was FBT (lock, 2015).  As stated above, I would use this treatment along with the interdisciplinary team of medical and dietician professionals.  However, I do believe it would be beneficial to have Gina participate in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).  Through CBT, Gina would learn how her thoughts of being overweight are negatively affecting her feelings and her behavior.  Aiding Gina in changing those thoughts would change the feelings and behavior once she learned appropriate tools (Turner, 2017).

How Culture and Diversity Influence Eating Disorders

It has been proven through past studies that culture and the associated beliefs and attitudes play a significant part in developing eating disorders (Miller & Pumariega, 2001).  Although eating disorders have been present in many places around the world, anorexia nervosa was previously thought to be rooted in western culture and has even been referred to as “culture-bound syndrome”.  As focus of a culture gears more towards physical appearance and fitting in with those in the environment increases in eating disorders are noticed.  Eating disorders have been recognized to be more present in various cultures than previously thought, especially where western culture and values are adopted.  Rates of eating disorders increase where focus on aesthetics become of value (Miller & Pumariega, 2001).

Bhatnagar, Ph.D., K. (2014). The Importance of Family Involvement in Adolescent Eating Disorder Treatment. Eating Disorder Hope. https://www.eatingdisorderhope.com/treatment-for-eating-disorders/types-of-treatments/family-therapy/a-family-force-field-the-importance-of-family-involvement-in-adolescent-eating-disorder-treatment

Lewis, B., & Nicholls, D. (2016). Behavioural eating disorders. Paediatrics and Child Health26(12), 519–526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2016.08.005

Lock, J. (2015). An Update on Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology44(5), 707–721. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2014.971458

Miller, M. N., & Pumariega, A. J. (2001). Culture and Eating Disorders: A Historical and Cross-Cultural Review. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes64(2), 93–110. https://doi.org/10.1521/psyc.64.2.93.18621

Turner, F. J. (2017). Social work treatment interlocking theoretical approaches. New York Oxford University Press.

Discuss various consumer segments that arise from variation in resistance.

 Discuss various consumer segments that arise from variation in resistance.

Q1 Which innovation characteristics could apple leverage to manage resistance to the future generations of Apple watches?

Q2: Discuss the role of the propagation mechanism in reducing resistance to the Apple Watch.

Q3. What are the consumer characteristics that apple needs to influence to overcome consumer resistance to its smartwatch?

Q4. Discuss the barrier and sources of active and passive innovation resistance in the context of the Apple Watch.

Q5. Discuss various consumer segments that arise from variation in resistance.

 

Include a cover page, summary of case study, use questions as headings, answering them thoroughly incorporating your MBA knowledge, and citing all resources used.

Discuss why an understanding of the evolution of quality in health care is important

75 words and if in text citing use reference as reply to this post

Darline Ward

Discuss why an understanding of the evolution of quality in health care is important for you, as a future HCA.

Quality defined. by the Institute of Medicine: states that “The degree to which Healthcare Services for Individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professionals knowledge” and further clarifies the Concept of quality which includes the following: Safety, effectiveness, patient centered, timely, efficient and equitable, and freedom from accidental injuries while providing medical care ( Lorh 1990, 21).

Since Early 1970 Avedis Donabedian’s work influenced defining and measuring quality. Two Components that he stressed affects quality and helps to measure it, technical and Interpersonal.  Both relate to providing patient care. In 1980, he identified three essentials that equate and identify ways to measure quality:

  • Process of Care–   Established relationships and the activities and quality of care that are exchanged between Healthcare Practitioners and patients.
  • Structure: in relation to the Resources, environment and the quality of performance in the organization by its healthcare professionals.
  • Outcomes: The culmination of all these elements, allows the relationships to function to produce desired results of Structure, Process and its outcomes and ultimately contribute to the desired patient care by making the patient experience memorable.

All Healthcare Managers, depending on the level of management, acquire the Responsibility of managing an organization; coordinate its budget, operations, clinical professionals, non- professionals and technical professionals. They must be carried out to ensure that the entire organization operates and functions on a daily basis. Including whatever improvements the organization may need. Quality is not just something that a person does, but it is how they go about accomplishing the task, which can be measured and identified the quality by how they were performed and whatever task that is being performed.