select a person whom you believe had significant influence (positive or negative) on a movement for social, economic, and/or political change in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Course Project: 

Introduction
For this project, select a person whom you believe had significant influence (positive or negative) on a movement for social, economic, and/or political change in the 20th and 21st centuries. Explore and address the following in your project:

  • Summarize the person’s ideas.
  • How did the ideas or changes affect the establishment      and status quo?
  • What was the context in which this person proposed      ideas/change?
  • How did the government or the people respond to the      ideas/change?
  • What sort of following or support did he/she have?
  • How have the ideas/actions of the person influenced      contemporary cultures and ideas?

For the final presentation, make sure to go beyond the surface information and go into depth about the person you are researching.

Here is a brief breakdown of the project:

PART ONE: Topic Selection

Required Resources
No specific resources are required for this activity. Conduct general research and/or skim the textbook to help you select a topic.

Instructions

  • State the topic.
  • For the stated issue, identify at least three (3)      aspects of the issue that you think you will likely develop in your      presentation. Briefly state why you have chosen each aspect.

You are not confined to three aspects only, but you must develop at least three. As you develop your presentation, you may find other aspects that you deem more relevant, and you may add or substitute those.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 1-2 paragraphs
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (as needed)

PART TWO; Annotated Bibliography

Instructions
Now that you have selected a topic for your final presentation, this week you will need to construct your annotated bibliography using APA style. For this assignment, you need to select a minimum of 8 sources that you plan on using for your presentation and then construct the annotations for each source. The concept of constructing a bibliography is certainly not new for most students, but you may not be as comfortable adding annotations to the bibliography entries.

After you select a source and reference it in APA format, construct the annotation for the source. The annotation is really just answering a few questions about the sources itself and once you answer these questions this part of the assignment almost creates itself. Answer the following 6 questions for each source:

  1. Main purpose of the source
  2. Intended audience for the source
  3. Relevance to your topic (or explain why it was not      relevant to your topic)
  4. Author’s background and credibility
  5. Author’s conclusions or observations
  6. Your conclusions or observations

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 3-5 pages (not including title page or      references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (minimum of 8 scholarly sources)

PART THREE; Presentation Script

Instructions

Minimum of 8 scholarly resources (These are from part 3 Annotated Bibliography. Conduct additional research as needed.)

The next step in the course project is to develop a script that you will use to record the narration for your presentation. Include headings for the slide number. Your final presentation should have 5-8 slides (not including title slide, conclusion slide, or references slide). Here are a few tips:

  • Address all requirements for the content.
  • Balance the amount of content for each slide. If there      is too much content on one slide, try to break it up into two slides or consider where you can be more concise with your wording.
  • Include citations where needed (e.g., quoted material and paraphrased/summarized ideas from a source that are not common knowledge). Note: When you get to the recording phase – you will need to      read your in-text citations aloud, but you do not need to read your    references slide.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: minimum of 3 pages (not including title page or      references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (minimum of 8 scholarly sources)

PART FOUR; Narrated Presentation

Instructions
The final step in the course project is to develop the presentation with audio narration.

  • You may use PowerPoint or another method (mp4 file)      approved by your instructor.
  • Deliver the presentation in a professional and engaging manner.
  • Include parenthetical in-text citations support observations made in the presentation. Make sure to read the citations when recording your narration. Do not read the references slide.

Presentation Requirements 

  • Length: 4-6 minutes narrated presentation
  • Slide length: 5-8 slides (not including title slide,  conclusion slide, or references slide)
  • Title slide
  • Conclusion slide
  • References slide (minimum of 8 scholarly sources cited  in APA format; not narrated)

Summarize the history of the empires in a paragraph

Description

Dark Ages Research Project and Diorama

1. Pick a topic (Study history from about 200-1500 depending on topic)

a) Maya and Aztecs

b) Umayyad’s and Abbasids

c) Chinese (Tang, Song or Ming Dynasty) and Mongols

2.  Information to find

a) Find a map of the two empires and explain the geography (land and water features, weather, etc.)

b) Summarize the history of the empires in a paragraph: basic information only (copy/paste = 0)

f) List 5 Interesting facts about each empire

Level 4: Pick one of your two civilizations and create a diorama in a shoe box (or similar)

– Diorama should recreate a scene you may have found from the time period

3. Make sure to cite your work (minimum 3 sources)

– use www.bibme.org if you need help

Scoring:         1 – Basic information, but project is not complete

2 – All questions answered and sources cited

3 – All questions answered with specific details and sources cited correctly

4 – Level 3 plus a diorama (Honors: written explanation of diorama scene)

—————————————————————————————————————————————

Name: _____________________________                                                      Class: _________

Dark Ages Research Project and Diorama

1. Pick a topic (Study history from about 200-1500 depending on topic)

a) Maya and Aztecs

b) Umayyad’s and Abbasids

c) Chinese (Tang, Song or Ming Dynasty) and Mongols

2.  Information to find

a) Find a map of the two empires and explain the geography (land and water features, weather, etc.)

b) Summarize the history of the empires in a paragraph: basic information only (copy/paste = 0)

f) List 5 Interesting facts about each empire

Level 4: Pick one of your two civilizations and create a diorama in a shoe box (or similar)

– Diorama should recreate a scene you may have found from the time period

3. Make sure to cite your work (minimum 3 sources)

– use www.bibme.org if you need help

Scoring:         1 – Basic information, but project is not complete

2 – All questions answered and sources cited

3 – All questions answered with specific details and sources cited correctly

4 – Level 3 plus a diorama (Honors: written explanation of diorama scene)

discuss any professional code of ethics relevant to your topic such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, or any other pertinent professional code.

This assignment is the first step in a three part project. You only need to focus on part one at this point. Each step will build on earlier steps. However, it is not a matter of providing a rough draft of all or even part of the entire project here in week three. That is, further steps might require completely new and original text.  At the same time, completing each step will aid you in completing a future step or future steps. And, you should use the same topic in all steps.

First, select a topic of moral controversy, debate, disagreement, and dispute, Example abortion

Next, detail the positions of each side of the ethical debate. Note at least two moral reasons each side presents to show their view on the topic is correct.

  • What would an Ethical Egoist say about this topic? What side would the Ethical Egoist take? What would the Ethical Egoist say to justify their moral position? Is there a conflict between loyalty to self and to community relevant to your topic? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.
  • What would a Social Contract Ethicist say about this topic? What side would the Social Contract Ethicist take? What would the Social Contract Ethicist say to justify their moral position? Does your topic involve a collision between personal obligations and national ones? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.

Finally, reference and discuss any professional code of ethics relevant to your topic such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, or any other pertinent professional code. State whether and how your chosen topic involves any conflicts between professional and familial duties.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 3-4pages (not including title page or references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (minimum of 3 scholarly source

read your section in its entirety and paraphrase in your section IN YOUR OWN WORDS

And be it further enacted, That any person who shall knowingly and willingly obstruct, hinder, or prevent such claimant, his agent or attorney, or any person or persons lawfully assisting him, her, or them, from arresting such a fugitive from service or labor, either with or without process as aforesaid, or shall rescue, or attempt to rescue, such fugitive from service or labor, from the custody of such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or other person or persons lawfully assisting as aforesaid, when so arrested, pursuant to the authority herein given and declared; or shall aid, abet, or assist such person so owing service or labor as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to escape from such claimant, his agent or attorney, or other person or persons legally authorized as aforesaid; or shall harbor or conceal such fugitive, so as to prevent the discovery and arrest of such person, after notice or knowledge of the fact that such person was a fugitive from service or labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment and conviction before the District Court of the United States for the district in which such offence may have been committed, or before the proper court of criminal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of the organized Territories of the United States; and shall moreover forfeit and pay, by way of civil damages to the party injured by such illegal conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars for each fugitive so lost as aforesaid, to be recovered by action of debt, in any of the District or Territorial Courts aforesaid, within whose jurisdiction the said offence may have been committed.

For this activity you are to read your section in its entirety and do the following:

  1. Rewrite/paraphrase your section IN YOUR OWN WORDS (meaning if it’s a word you would never ever ever use, you don’t need to use it in your rewording)
    1. Keep in mind your rewrite will be shorter than the original, as you are basically just “saying what it says”
  2. Create a glossary for your section
    1. The length may vary depending on your section, but include words you did not know or had to look up as well as words you think others would have to look up (3-7 words more than likely)
  3. Create some sort of representation of your section
    1. Newsarticle-must include who, what, when, where, why

use the provided template to write a two-page response that shares your thoughts about the work in question, the historical events happening during the time the work was produced, and the relevance of the work in the present day.

  1. Voices of Change
    Instructions
    In this assignment, consider the actual words or works of an important spokesperson for their times. After reading that speaker’s words, use the provided template to write a two-page response that shares your thoughts about the work in question, the historical events happening during the time the work was produced, and the relevance of the work in the present day. Completing this assignment will give you real insight into the thoughts and feelings of an actual participant in historical events. You will also begin to see how learning from past perspectives helps us better understand the issues we face in our own time period.
    To complete this assignment, follow these steps:

    • Pick one of the three topic choices below.
    • Use the assignment template to structure your paper on the selected topic:
      • Download the Voices of Change Assignment Template [DOCX].
      • Save the template to the desktop folder on your computer (or another location of your choice) with the following filename: Your First Name_Your Last Name_HUM112_Wk# Assignment_Quarter20yy. Here is an example: Lauren_Philip_HUM112_Wk7 Assignment_Summer 2020.
    • Complete the template. Follow the instructions provided in the template to make sure you add all required content.
    • Review the rubric to see how your assignment will be graded on answer quality, logic and organization of the paper, and language and writing skills.
    • Edit your work, making sure you have discussed each bullet point in the template and checking your work for grammatical errors and proper SWS style.
    • Submit your completed template to Blackboard.
    • Topic Choices
      Topic Choice 1: Frederick Douglass’s speech, “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”
    • Listen to the speech, as read by actor James Earl Jones.
    • Read the text of the speech.
    • For background, read about The Emancipation Proclamation in the National Archives.
    • Read additional background on Fredrick Douglass.
    • Topic Choice 2: Charles Dickens’s Economic Change and Consequences.
      Select one of the following works to focus on for your assignment. You can find all four options in Chapter 28 of your textbook. Page numbers are indicated in the bullet points below.
    • Old Curiosity Shop (textbook page 944).
    • Sketches by Boz (textbook page 947).
    • Dombey and Son (textbook page 951).
    • Hard Times (textbook page 952).
    • Topic Choice 3: Women Challenge Their Audience.
      Select one of the following authors to focus on for your assignment:
    • Angelina Grimke Weld’s speech in Philadelphia in 1938.
    • Sojourner Truth’s famous 1851 speech, “Ain’t I a Woman?”
    • This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
      The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:
    • Summarize thoughts about an author’s work, including the historical events happening at the time it was produced and the relevance of the work in the present day.
  2. By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssign™ services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) that your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.

summarize the movie and telling me how your chosen movie relates to the history we have studied and what you learned from watching it

To earn extra credit, pick one of the movies from the following list. Write a 1-2 page essay giving me a summary of the movie and telling me how your chosen movie relates to the history we have studied and what you learned from watching it.

history

Description

History 101

Extra Credit Assignment

To earn extra credit, pick one of the movies from the following list.  Write a 1-2 page essay giving me a summary of the movie and telling me how your chosen movie relates to the history we have studied and what you learned from watching it. A good summary including points of both historical accuracies and inaccuracies will earn you up to five points on top of your final grade.  Any analysis over and above the basic may earn you extra points.  Analysis over and above the basic would be, for example, most movies made about historical subjects tell us more about what is going on at the time they are made than it does about the historical subject they’re portraying.  Pay attention to the dates these movies were made, points will be awarded for showing an understanding of the historical context in which they were created. For example, despite the fact that the first Indiana Jones movies ostensibly portray Harrison Ford battling the Nazis, they much more accurately portray Americans’ feelings about the Soviets and the Cold War in the 1980s, when the original movies were made.  The new Indiana Jones, while the only one actually about the Cold War, really shows you a lot more about how Americans think of the War on Terror and the post-Cold War world.  Points will be given for humor and entertainment value.  Copying any portion of your essay from IMDB or any other website will not earn you points, so don’t waste your time (and mine)! https://essaypandit.com/essay-papers/

*Double Points*

I, Claudius (1976)  One of my favorite movies of all time, it is really a BBC miniseries, so it’s about twelve hours long.  If you watch the whole thing, and prove to me you didn’t fall asleep in the middle, I’ll give you double points.  This movie covers the development of the Roman empire from the point of view of the emperor Claudius.  It is completely accurate to Suetonius’ Lives of the Caesars, which means it probably isn’t accurate historically, but it is full of all the most salacious gossip about their emperors that a wealthy empire could come up with.

Spartacus (1960) A classic epic film, the fictionalized account of an actual slave revolt that took place in southern Italy under the late Roman Republic.

The Return of Martin Guerre (1982)  The story of a medieval Frenchman who returns to his home village after having been away at war for years.  His friends and family suspect him of being an impostor.  More entertaining than it sounds from this description, it is also interesting because it is a true story, found in the French archives by a historian in the 1970s.

The Lion in Winter (1968) Yes, there is a later remake of this movie, but watch the early one with Katharine Hepburn as Eleanor of Aquitaine and Peter O’Toole as Henry II.  This is the story of Henry’s reign in England in the High Middle Ages, his battles with France over his territories there, and his battles with his family, including his powerful wife and his pain-in-the-neck sons, particularly Richard and John. https://theeliteessaywriters.com/blogessays/

The Seventh Seal (1957) An Ingmar Bergman film about the Black Death and its effect on European culture.  Does the film portray the ways that medieval Europeans dealt with the plague, or really just what 1950’s culture thinks about death?

The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965) Starring Charlton Heston as Michelangelo, this is the story of the painting of the Sistine Chapel, and the difficult relationship between Michelangelo and Pope Julius (the warrior pope).

A Man for All Seasons (1966)  The story of the last years of the life of Thomas More, chancellor to Henry VIII.  More was a committed Catholic and was (spoiler alert!) beheaded because he wouldn’t publicly proclaim that Henry was the rightful supreme head of the Church of England.

Elizabeth (1998) The story of the early years of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England.  Pretty good on the politics, but as most of these movies do, it completely invents a romantic plot line between Elizabeth and one of her courtiers.  You can also watch the sequel, Elizabeth: The Golden Age if you want.

La Reine Margot (Queen Margot)  This is the story of the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, told from the perspective of Margot, or Marguerite, the sister of the king and the one who is being married off to Henry of Navarre, leader of the Huguenots.  It gives an interesting view of the politics of early modern France as well as their religious difficulties.  And, of course, some really bloody massacre scenes.

discuss about how Great Britain ruled the colony and how the colonists supposed they must be preserved.

The American Revolution (1700-1790) was when freedom from the British Empire was obtained by the Thirteen Colonies that would become the United States of America.

history

Description

American Revolution

The American Revolution (1700-1790) was when freedom from the British Empire was obtained by the Thirteen Colonies that would become the United States of America. In the term liberty vs. dictatorship, the cause of the American Revolution may be summarized. The American Revolution was a fight for freedom-loving Americans to liberate themselves from British tyrannical rule. The American Revolution is the single biggest event in the history of this country. Great Britain had a vast hold on the North American continent by 1763. In the Seven Years’ War, the British government tried to tax American supplies simply to help pay for its defense of North America from the French. For several American colonists, the issue was not that taxation were high, but the fact that they had no electoral support. The Stamp Act in 1765 was the first direct tax ever levied on the colonists by Parliament. https://homeworkharbour.info/papers They had to have stamps on all newspapers, pamphlets, almanacs, and legal records. Protested vigorously by all thirteen colonies.

The revolution was caused by no single event. Instead, it was a sequence of incidents that led to the conflict. It began as a discussion about how Great Britain ruled the colony and how the colonists supposed they must be preserved. Americans touched they were justifying all the

Rodriguez 2

Englishmen’s rights[1]. On the other side, the British felt that the colonists were formed for use in ways that fit the King and Congress best (Bailyn 2012). This dispute is reflected in one of the Revolution of America. Rallying cries: “No representation without taxation.” https://homeworkbay.info/content/

It’s necessary to look at the mentality of the establishment fathers to understand better what contributed to the revolt. It also should be pointed out that this mentality was not those of the bulk of settlers. During the American Revolution, there have been no opinion polls, but it is fair to say its prominence rose and fell throughout the conflict. Historian Robert M. Calhoon claimed that the revolt was sponsored by just about 42-47 percent of the free population, whereas only 17-20 percent of the free white males stayed loyal[2]. The 18th generation is factually considered the era of the Revolution. It’s a time when the role of democracy, the role of the congregation, and other fundamental and involves helping of the social system overall began to be questioned by theorists, philosophers, politicians, and artists (Kellogg 1920).

The time was called the age of rationality, and many settlers adopted this modern way of thought. The major achievements of the Revolution were read by many revolutionary figures, like Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Baron de Montesquieu, and John Locke[3]. The pioneers obtained such modern constitutional ideas from these philosophers as the social compact, local democracy, the consent of the government, and the balance of powers (Kopel 2005).

 

 

[1] Bailyn, Bernard. 2012. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Harvard University Press.

[2] Kellogg, Louise Phelps. 1920. “Journal of a british officer during the american revolution.” The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 7 (1): 51-58.

[3] Kopel, David. 2005. “The religious roots of the american revolution and the right to keep and bear arms.” Journal on Firearms & Public Policy 17: 1-18.

To What Extent, And In What Ways Has The Response Of The Coronavirus Impacted The Initial Spread In The United States.

Find at least 4 primary source documents related to the prompt, must be from a credible source.

history

Description

Fill out the template attached

Summary: I will give you the DBQ question. The assignment requires you to research and include primary sources that are related directly to the DBQ question.

PromptTo what extent, and in what ways has the response of the Coronavirus impacted the initial spread in The United States.

The specifics, step by step:

Step 1: Then write a thesis in response to the prompt.

Step 2: Find at least 4 primary source documents related to the prompt, must be from a credible source. 1 source will be your journal entry. (If your journal entry does not respond to the prompt, make sure to rewrite it so it does. If you did not do that assignment, make sure to do it.)

➔ 1 Visual Image

➔ 1 Graph/Chart

➔ 2 Written Primary Source

Step 3: FOR EACH SOURCE, provide:

– An MLA citation (author, name of webpage, name of site, accessed date, web address)

– A written explanation of how this document could be used to support your thesis.

– Address and explain one part for each document: context, audience, purpose, or point of view

Keep in mind:

– Any excerpts should be short and concise! A document should be no more than 2-3 paragraphs of text. Use ellipses (…) to indicate when you have taken an excerpt from a longer passage.

 

5 Primary Sources- from the time   period

Unacceptable sources

 

Visual Images Acceptable (pick 1):

● Photos and other images

● Political cartoons

● Works of art

Written Sources Acceptable (pick 2):

● Letters

● Speeches

● Text of legislation

● Interviews

● Newspaper articles/editorials (from   the time period)

● Pamphlets/Brochures

Also Include:

● Graph/chart from the time period   (1)

● Your journal entry (1)

Webpages where the author is not stated, there may be validity questions   about the source. Ask me if you have doubts about whether or not a source is   acceptable.

Guided Document Analysis Questions

Section I: The Question

1. What is the essay prompt asking you to do?

a. Rewrite the prompt in your own words.

b. Ask yourself, what is the essay going to be about?

Section II: Finding and Examining the Documents

2. Since this historical event is still ongoing, brainstorm all the events that have led us to be in our current situation. This will be considered your historical background.

  1. Based on       your historical background, what are you now going to be looking for when       researching documents? https://prohomeworkhelpers.com/essayquestions/

b. Do the documents support your argument?

i. Are they a reliable source?

Section III: Sourcing

3. Part of your project will be to source the document. The following questions can guide you to source the document.

i. What is this source about?

ii. What can I learn about the person or group that produced the document?

iii. Who is the intended audience? What’s the culture like?

iv. How might the context affect the content of the source?

v. Who wrote the document? What is the author’s qualifications, background, expertise? What is the social position of the author? What religion, gender, and class is the author?

vi. Why was the document written? What is the intent of the author? What perspective or point of view is presented? Why does the author hold that point of view? What are the “loaded” words (clues to bias)?

Can you believe this document? Does the point of view impact the message?

Discuss On How A Specific Idea Or Kind Of Technology Developed Over Time.

Your assignment is to write a report on how a specific idea or kind of technology developed over time.

history

Description

Presentation Assignment – Revised (November 16, 2020)

Your assignment is to write a report on how a specific idea or kind of technology developed over time. Your topic must relate to cross-cultural exchange and change over time by studying its use across two world regions (or cultures). The report may include images or diagrams where necessary and must use the following three-part format:

Part 1: 300-500 words that describe your topic, the time period you are studying, and location. Also, talk give a general summary of how it changed the society that it originated in.

Part 2: 250-300 words: compare how the idea or technology you are researching was used across at least two cultures or world regions after its invention or discovery.

Part 3: 250-500 words: how is this idea/technology used today? Discuss some applications and review how they are different (or same) than in the earlier history you reviewed above. https://intellectualessay.com/

Referring to class lectures or readings as sources is not necessary. However, you will have to use at least one independent scholarly source (a research article, an academic website, or work). Include a bibliography to cite your sources at the end of your report. You may use the citation style of your choice (APA/Chicago/Harvard…).

Here are some of many possible topics to consider for your report…

Technology: writing (cuneiform, paper, printing); weaponry/warfare (bow, composite bow, cross-bow, gunpowder etc..), navigation (compass, astrolab); transportation (wheel, cart, train); cosmetics (kohl, lipstick); http://educatoressay.com fashion (high-heel shoes)

Ideas: politics (democracy, anarchy, sovereignty, sacred kingship); law (legal codes, rule of law, punishment); religion (monotheism, polytheism, animism, ancestor worship); philosophy (Confucianism, natural law, humanism)

discuss how does capitalism relate to the dispossession, enslavement, ethnic cleansing, and genocide of indigenous peoples in the world

The Final is composed of Two Essay Questions.  Each one counts for 50 points, bring the Combined Total for Both Questions to 100 points.  You must answer both essay questions with a 3-4 page essay, double-spaced, font-size 12, Times New Roman font.

Question 1

Clara Zetkin, famous Feminist Marxist, developed one of the earliest and most insightful analyses of Fascism in her Fighting Fascism: How to Struggle and How to Win. How does she define Fascism?  What is its Social Basis – i.e. what social classes and groups are especially drawn to and seduced by it?  Why?

Related to this: Fascism, including its German variant “Nazism” is a far right-wing movement.  What does it have in common with other and more traditional right-wing and conservative movements?  In addition, what are the “new” and uniquely “Fascist” features of Fascism?

Question 2

How is capitalism connected to the dispossession of the peasantry from their land and livelihood in Europe and elsewhere? How does capitalism relate to the dispossession, enslavement, ethnic cleansing, and genocide of indigenous peoples in the Americas, Africa, Asia, and other parts of the world? How and why did the creation and maintenance of capitalism as a mode of production and accumulation require such immense brutality, displacement, and mass murder?  How are these developments connected with settler state colonialism, the forging of the ideology of “White Supremacy” (often under the euphemism of “The Civilizing Mission,” “The White Man’s Burden,” and “Manifest Destiny”) and claims of Western and US “exceptionalism”?