Discuss factor regarding Islam’s political authority.

Can you respond to the below and send me a bill? I need to responding to list 2 students both with less then 100 words.

Devin Farmer
Unit 5 DB Islam

An ancient religious divide between the Sunni (way) and Shia (partisans of Ali) started some fourteen centuries ago on the sole factor regarding Islam’s political authority. In 610, Mohammed established a new faith, Islam, which intertwined some Jewish and Christian traditions together. Laws were put into place that governed most aspects of life as well. In 632, following Mohammed’s death, conflict arose due to contrasting viewpoints of who the rightful heir should be. Some argued that only qualified individuals should be awarded leadership, others insisted the only legitimate heir must be of Mohammed’s bloodline. Thus the split of the community. For the first nine centuries of Islamic rule, Sunnis dominated. According to statistics, there are 1.6 billion muslim’s in the world today, eighty-five percent are Sunni and the other fifteen percent are Shia. The ongoing tension between Sunni and Shia regarding qualifications for political leadership is ever apparent today.

According to the video, The Sunni-Shia Divide, Vali R. Nasr states “if we want to understand why conflicts are happening the way they are, and how these conflicts may be resolved, we cannot take our eyes off the Shia-Sunni conflict. Whether it’s the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia, or the Syria war or the escalating civil war in Iraq, they all involve sectarianism between Shiites and Sunnis” (July 15, 2014). “We are seeing a catastrophic civil war in Syria between the Sunni and the Shia; an ongoing conflict in Lebanon between the Shia population and the Sunni leadership; and in Iraq over the last decade – a devastating battle between the Sunni minority and the Shia majority… Whether it’s Shia or Sunni, the motivation is all the same. What they all have in common is the embrace of theological justifications to legitimize the violence that they perpetrate, that transforms the motivations to commit this violence to something much more personal” (V. Nasr, personal communication, July 15, 2014).

Reference:

The Sunni-Shia Divide. (2016). Cfr.org. Retrieved 30 May 2017, from https://www.cfr.org/peace-conflict-and-human-rights/sunni-shia-divide/p33176#!/

 

 

 

1 day ago
Alberto Sanchez
Sunni and Shi’ite Relations

 

The Sunni and Shi’ite split is highly divided throughout the Middle East.  The worlds 1.6 billion Muslims all agree that Allah is the only GOD and Muhammad is the prophet his messenger.  However, the battle between the Sunnis and Shiites has been going on for quite some time. It is extremely unlikely that they are ALL involved. In fact, this age-old conflict isn’t even about religion. This division happily once Muhammad passed as to who should have authority after the prophets death.  Sunnis are Muslims that make-up 90% of the population within the Islam religion and regard themselves as the orthodox branch of Islam.  The name Sunni is derived from the phrase “Ahl al-Sunnah”, “People of the Tradition”.  The tradition in this case refers to practices based on what the Prophet Muhammad said, did and agreed to or condemned.  The Shia are 10% of all Muslims and globally the population is between 154 and 200 million.  In the early Islam history the Shia were a movement “Shiat Ali”- “Paty of Ali”.  They claim that Ali was the successor to the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Muslim community following his death.  However, once Ali was assassinated  his son were denied the right of accession t the caliphate.  One of the sons was poisoned by Muawiyah, the first caliph of Sunni Umayyad dynasty.  These events gave rise to the Shia concept of martyrdom and rituals of grieving. In countries which have been governed by Sunnis, Shia tend to make up the poorest sections of society. They often see themselves as victims of discrimination and oppression. Sunni extremists frequently denounce Shia as heretics who should be killed.

 

Today, many conflicts in this region have strong sectarian overtones.  In Syria, Iranian troops, Hezbollah fighters and Iranian-backed Shia militiamen have been helping the Shia-led government battle the Sunni-dominated opposition.  Sunni groups including Islamic State, have meanwhile been targeting Shia and their places of worship in Syria and Iraq.  In January 2016, the execution by Saudi Arabia of prominent Shia cleric who supported mass anti-government protests triggered a diplomatic crisis in Iran and angry demonstrations across the Middle East.

 

Reference:

 

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